Diarrhea in dogs is very common. There are all types of dog ailments that causes diarrhoea. We will look at 10 common causes and then discuss treatment for a dog with diarrhoea and what you can do about this most messy of dog ailments.
1. DietCredit: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/food-for-dogs-with-diarrhea.html
Just as with humans, what a dog eats will affect the intestinal tract. Any abrupt changes in diet, like switching the dog food or feeding the dog too many table scraps at a family barbecue can bring unpleasant surprises.
2. Canine ParvovirusCredit: http://www.turbosquid.com/FullPreview/Index.cfm/ID/534792
This is a nasty viral disease that causes bloody diarrhoea and vomiting with consequent dehydration and abdominal pain. This potentially fatal disease can spread quickly through kennels and shelters. Be sure to vaccinate your dog for this disease.
3. Canine DistemperCredit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canine_distemper
This is another horrible viral disease that causes respiratory symptoms such as coughing and sneezing and serious neurological symptoms like seizures along with the gastrointestinal symptoms. This disease is often fatal. The best course of action is vaccination.
4. ClostridiumCredit: http://www.wormsandgermsblog.com/articles/diseases/clostridium-difficile-1/
Closridium sp. is a bacterium that is normally present in a high percentage of dogs without causing illness. It is what is known as an opportunistic bacterium that causes disease when the circumstances are right. They usually proliferate when the dog's immune system is lowered like when the dog's health is under stress. An example of this would be a high population of worms. Clostridium perfringens is the one that causes hemorragic colitis.
5. WormsCredit: http://worms-in-dogs.org/
Speaking about worms . . .they also can cause diarrhoea. There are many, many types of worms that can affect dogs, including tapeworms, hearworms, hookworms, and the list goes on . . . Dogs need to be routinely dosed with de-wormer when the population gets out of control.
6. SalmonellaCredit: http://sharpegolf.ca/ported-isolation-of-salmonella-typhimurium-from-beef/
Salmonella is another bacterium that can cause bloody diarrhoea or diarrhoea with mucous in dogs. It also causes fever, lethargy, abdominal pain and septicaemia, which is when it spreads throughout the body.
7. PoisonsCredit: http://pets.webmd.com/dogs/ss/slideshow-foods-your-dog-should-never-eat
Dogs can get into household toxins such as cleaning supplies or garden supplies like insecticides. Pesticides can also intoxicate animals. Unfortunately, dogs are sometimes poisoned on purpose as well. All of these products can cause diarrhoea among a wide range of other symptoms depending on which toxin the dog ingests and its effects.
8. Inflammatory Bowel DiseaseCredit: http://www.natural-dog-health-remedies.com/canine-inflammatory-bowel-disease.html
This is a sort of catch-all syndrome. Its cause is unknown, but there is a general inflammation of the intestinal wall. It causes chronic diarrhoea.
9. Allergic ReactionsCredit: http://www.dog-obedience-training-online.com/symptoms-of-worms-in-dogs.html
Dogs can be allergic to food. This is not as common as the other causes, but it is a possibility. Mostly food allergies are related to the protein in the diet.
10. Disorder Relating To Other Organs
Treatment For A Dog With Diarrhoea
Treatment of diarrhoea depends heavily on what is causing the symptoms. If it is a bacterial infection, the dog will need antibiotics. If it is a viral infection, while there is no direct treatment, the dog will need support. This support can include drugs relating the intestinal motility, fluids given intravenously to avoid dehydration and vitamins.
Food will probably be withheld for 12 to 48 hours and then a bland diet given in small amounts for the next few days. I would not recommend using dog diapers because the constant contact with the faeces will lead to skin irritation problems and require more baths. Instead, keep your dog in a room with tiled or linoleum floors that is easy to clean.
Probiotics For Dogs With Diarrhoea
Probiotics are products that contain live microorganisms. They are said to have a number of benefits. One such benefit is that they compete with the pathological bacteria, such as Salmonella and Clostridium. They also help ensure correct intestinal motility, among many others.
Diarrhoea is a rather common occurrence in dogs. If your dog has diarrhoea for a few days or if there is blood or mucous in the stool, you should contact your veterinarian and see if he or she thinks that they should examine your dog. Remember, diarrhoea in dogs can be fatal.