There are world historical sites that are quite incredible. These places are called either natural Wonders of the World or just Wonders but each deserves the title because they are historic and breath taking. These wonders were not created by man like the Pyramids or the Taj Mahal. These things came about naturally. Such places are located all around the world-- The Grand Canyon, Mount Everest, Aurora Borealis, the Great Barrier Reef, Victoria and Angel Falls to name a few. It is surprising to uncover different facts about these places. It is almost hard to believe that they are real. All we know is that they are on this earth.
The Grand Canon
The Grand Canon is located in Arizona, U.S. It is 277 miles long and about 18 miles wide. So as you could imagine, it is BIG! It took 3-6 million years to form and has a lot of wild life. The Grand Canon includes 70 different types of mammals, 250 species of birds, 25 different species of reptiles and 5 different types of amphibians. It was also originally formed by the Colorado River, which happens to flow right through it. Now, the Grand Canon is considered a natural wonder of the world because of all of its natural features. The beautiful layers explain it all. If you ever go, or even look at a picture, you can see the different layers of rocks. There is also a myth that there are two different types of squirrels, one located on one side of the canon, and one n the other side. So keep an open eye if you ever get to go!
The Great Barrier Reef
Australia is on my things to see before I die list. I have always wanted to go to Australia and to especially see the Great Barrier Reef, one of the most renowned places on the continent. The Great Barrier Reef has over 900 islands that stretch for about 1600 miles. It is larger than the Great Wall of China! It is so big that it can be seen all the way from outer space! It is located right next the Coral Sea in Queensland in northeast Australia and is also the largest coral reefs in the world. This reef is made up of over 3000 different species of coral 1500 types of tropical fish and giant sea turtle that are 120 years or older. The Great Barrier Reef is home to many endangered animals like the sea cow (dugong), and the large green sea turtle. It is also a popular breeding ground, or sea, for the humpback whale who are in the midst of migrating. There are also stingray, jellyfish and many sharks so be careful if you ever get the chance to go!
You may not be familiar with the name, but you will be familiar with what you see. An Aurora is a natural light display in the sky, usually in the north and South Pole. They are usually called the Northern Lights, which is something you may be familiar with. These lights are caused by the collision of charged particles directed by the Earth’s magnetic field. It usually occurs during the night. In fact, the best times to watch this incredible sight is from December to March, because of the dark night sky, plus, night time last for the longest during this time of year. They come in all kinds of color, green, yellow, blue, purple, orange and dark red. These lights also last for about 10-15 minutes. They also come in different shapes. Some scientist says that it could be predicting the weather or something else…who really knows?
The Victoria Falls is the largest waterfalls ever known to man, located in Southern Africa, along the Zambezi River, between the 2 countries Zambia and Zimbabwe. It is also called “Mosi oa-Tunya” meaning the smoke that thunders. This waterfall is 108 meters or 360 feet tall. It is also 1708 meters wide, one and a half times wider than Niagara Fall, located in Buffalo, which makes it the largest curtain of water in the world. The impact of the water is so great, that the spray rises about 1300 feet into the air. In mid-April, which is flood season, nearly 625 million liters fall over the edge of the fall per minute. You’d be surprised on what you can do at the Victoria Falls. You can go whitewater rafting, canoeing, bunji jumping; elephant back safaris, and much more! This spectacular scene is a must see on my list too! If you ever get this once in a lifetime opportunity, don’t forget to look for the rainbow.
The Harbor of Rio De Janeiro
The Harbor of Rio de Janeiro is located in the heart of Brazil. Rio de Janeiro, means “river of January” in Portuguese. Portuguese is the main language that is spoken in Brazil. Unique mountains in different formations surround it, giving it the harbor feel. The harbor was and still is said to be created by erosion from the Atlantic Ocean, which is also known as Guanabara Bay. The best times to see this incredible harbor are during the months of September and October. This is because the weather is nice and the humidity is low. A famous mountain that is a must see is the Sugar Loaf mountain. It is about 1,296 feet high. Corcovado peak is at 2,310 feet high and the hills of Tijuca are 3,350 feet high. These as well are great destination spots if you are in the area.
Mount Everest is known around the entire world for it’s incredible height. It is about 29, 0295 to 29,035 feet high. Some people say that it will continue to grow in the future because the land is pushing it up, and forming the mountain. Mount Everest is part of the Himalayan mountain range. This is at the border by Tibet. Mount Everest got its name from the person who first tried to locate the exact position of the peak. This man was Sir George Everest. For mountain climbers, there are 6 camps, including the base and summit. The base camp is at 5,400 meters. The 1st camp is at 6,100 meter followed by the second at 6,500 meters. The third camp is at 7,400 meters and the fourth is 600 meters above that. The final camp is at the peak of the mountain, 8,850 meters (29,035 feet) up.
Paricutin is a cinder cone shaped volcano located in Michoacán, Mexico. It is about 9,101 feet (2,774 meters) to 10,397 feet (3,000 meters) tall and was last active in 1952. The reason why this volcano is one of the seven natural wonders of the world is because mankind was there to witness its development. A few weeks before its first eruption, villagers of Michoacán, Mexico heard rumblings in the earth. These turned out to be deep earthquakes. On February 20th, 1943, the volcano erupted out of a farmer’s cornfield. The farmer and his wife were the first people ever to witness the ash and stones from this fast growing volcano. Within the first week, the volcano grew a good 5 stories. In about 9 years, it grew 10,400 feet, making it the fastest growing volcano in history.