The companions of Prophet Muhammad (sallalaahu alihiwasalm) have set excellent examples for us to follow. Let us read these anecdotes from the life of Abu Bakr (Raliyallahu anhu), the first caliph in Islam, and try to follow the teachings of the Quran and the sunnah just like he followed.
Arabic phrases that I have used in this article and its meaning:
Hazrath- For respect.
Sallallahu alihiwassallam- Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. Used after mentioning Prophet Muhammad ( sallahu alihi wasallam).
Radhiyallahu anhum- May Allah be pleased with him. Used after mentioning any of the names of the companions of Muhammad sallalahu alihiwasallam.
Baitul maal- The treasury in the mosque.
ABU BAKR RAHDIYALLLAHU ANHUS DAILY ALLOWANCE FROM THE BAITUL MAAL
Hazrath Abu (Bakr radhiyallahu anhu), our beloved Nabi’s (Sallahu alihi wasaalam) companion was a cloth merchant and lived by that trade. On the death of the prophet (sallahu alihiwassalam) people selected him as khalifa- governor. Next day with some cloth slung on his arms, he was proceeding to the market as usual when Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) met him on the way.
Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) asked Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu anhu) as to where he was going. To which Abu Bakr radhiyallahu told him that he was on his way to the market. Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) said "If you get busy with the trade, who will carry out the duties of caliphate?" Then Abu Bakr radhiyallahu anhu asked him how he was going to look after his family. Then Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) suggested that they go to Abu ubada (radiyallahu anhu) who was in charge of the baitu maal - the public fund.
They both went to Abu Ubaida who fixed for Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu anhu) an allowance equal to that paid to an average muhajir- migrant.
Once Abu Bakr’s (radhiyallahu anhu) wife said to him “I would like to have a sweet dish” to which Abu Bakr (radhiyalahu anhu) said that he has no money for that. The wife asked “If you permit, I shall try to save something daily from our allowance, which will someday be enough for us to prepare a sweet dish”
He agreed. A little money was saved in many days. When his wife brought him the money for the sweet dish he said “It seems like we have received so much above and over our needs.”
He deposited the money in the baitul maal and for the future got his allowance cut down by the amount saved by his wife.
ABU BAKR RADHIYALLAHU ANHU GIVES HIS GARDEN TO BAITUL MAAL
Ibn seereen writes:
‘When hazrath Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu anhu) was about to die, he said to his daughter, Hazrath ayesha (radhiyallahu anha), about the period of caliphate. ‘ I did not like to take anything from baitul maal, but hazrath Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) forced insisted on it, to relieve me of my occupation, and to enable me to devote my full time to the duties of khilafath, and I was left with no choice. Now make over that garden of mine to my successor, in lieu of what I have received from the baitul maal’.
When hazrath abu Bakr (radhiyallahu anhu) died, Ayesha (radhiyallahu anha) asked umar (radhiyallahu anhu) to take over that garden, as desired by her late father. Hazrath Umar radhiyallahu anhu remarked:
‘May Allah bless your father! He has left no chance for anybody to open his lips against him’
Hazrath abu Bakr (radhiyallahu anhu) received his sustenance allowance from the batul maal in the interest of all the Muslims, and that too at the request of one of the most eminent sahaba. And in the following story we will see that the amount received was so minimal, in spite of all this he was so scrupulous that he made over his garden to baitul maal in lieu of what he had received from the public funds.
HAZRATH ABU BAKR RADHIYALLAHU ANHU AND THE FEAR OF ALLAH TA’ALA
According to our belief hazrath abu bakr (radhiyallahu anhu) is the most exalted person, after the prophets (alahimussalaam). The prophet (sallalahu alihi wasallam) himself conveyed to him the glad tidings of his being the head of a group of people in Paradise. The prophet (sallallahu alihiwasallam) once remarked:
“Abu Bakr’s name shall be called out from all the gates of paradise, and he will be the first of my followers to enter it”
With all these virtues and privileges, Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu anhu) used to say:
‘I wish I were a tree, that would be cut and done away with”
Sometimes he would say:
“I Wish I were a blade of grass, whose life ended with the grazing of some beast”
Once he went to a garden, where he saw a bird singing. HE sighed deeply and said:
“O, bird! How lucky you are! You eat, you drink and fly under the shade of trees, and you fear no reckoning on the Day of Judgment. I wish I were just like you”
Hazrath Rabeeah Aslami (radhiyallahu anhu ) narrates:
“Once I had some arguments with Abu Bakr (Radhiyallahu anhu), during which he uttered a word that I did not like. He realized it immedietly and said to me “Brother please say that word back to me in retaliation.” I refused to do so. He persisited and even spoke of referring the matter to prophet (sallalahu alihi wasallam), but I did not agree to utter that word. He got up and left me.
A few people in my clan remarked “look! How strange! The person does wrong to you and above that he threatens to complain to prophet (sallalahu alihi wasallam).”
I said “Do you know who he is? He is Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu anhu), to displease him, is to displease the prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), and to displease Prphet (sallalahu alaihi wasallam) is to displease Allah. If Allah is displeased, who can serve Rabeeah (the narrator) from ruin?”
I went to the Prophet (sallahu alihiwasallam) and narrated the whole story to him.
He said “you were quite right in refusing to utter that word. But you could have said this much in reply ‘O Abu Bakr. May Allah forgive you!’”
Look at the fear of Allah in Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu anhu) he is so anxious to clear his accounts in this world, that no sooner has a slightly unpleasant word being addressed by him, to a person, he regrets it and requests him to say that word back to him in retaliation.
He is so particular in this that he threatens to have the retaliation done through the intervention of the prophet (sallalahu alihiwasllam).
We are in the habit of saying offensive words to others, but we fear neither the retaliation nor the reckoning in the hereafter.