Everyone must sleep, there is no way around it.Sleeping is one of the primary functions, it replenishes and resets our emotional capacity so we can approach daily life and challenges in appropriate ways.

However, there are people who suffer from insomnia which means they can have big problems in getting the rest they need in order to function properly.

What is insomnia and what are the side effects? Millions of people each year suffer from sleep problems that are a highly common medical issue.Everyone experiences nightmares occasionally but extremely severe sleep disorders that can affect people´s health in a negative way are left untreated.Common insomnia side effects are lack of concentration, weakened immune system and relationship problems.

A person may have insomnia if he or she has trouble falling asleep or staying asleep.It is common that people who suffer from this condition may be able to get asleep quickly, but they are also very light sleepers and wake up quickly too.Some people have the opposite problems or have difficulties with
both falling and staying asleep.This results is poor-quality sleep, the person feels tired when waking up and throughout the day.

Insomnia can be chronic, transient or short term and it can be a result from physical or psychological problems like depression, anxiety or stress.Acute phases of mental illness is also a reason why people get insomnia.Other medical conditions that can trigger it is Alzheimer´s disease, chronic pain syndromes, congestive heart failure to name a few.

Poor sleep is also associated to stimulants like nicotine and caffeine.If a person knows he has difficulties sleeping he should limit the daily intake of coffee and cigarettes at a few hours before bedtime.A nightcap in the evening before bed may seem like a very good idea, but alcohol really causes sleep disruption and a sense of tiredness in the morning.A snoring bed partner may also make it difficult getting a good night´s sleep.

Insomnia can be mild or severe which depends on how long it occurs and how often.If a person has symptoms at least three times per week for more than one month, then this is chronic insomnia, and if it lasts for less time it is known as short-term insomnia.

There are treatments like hypnotics, cognitive behavioral therapy and medication that can help a person to sleep at night.Sometimes it can be cured without any treatments too, simple lifestyle changes can often help relieve the symptoms.If the insomnia is persistent, then it is recommended to see a doctor or a sleep specialist.