There are four cheap or free steps you can take to make a flower bouquet live longer.
Here are the four steps:
1. Choose the Right Flowers
2. Manage Temperature
3. Trim and Maintain
4. Manage Water Cleanliness
Choose the Right Flowers
At the market, garden, grocer, or florist, choose the cut flowers that last the longest. Long-lasting types include Mums, carnations, gladiolas, peonies, zinnias, and generally most leafy branches or flowers with woody stems.
If you have a hand in when the flowers are cut – if they are from a garden, for example – cut the flowers during the coolest part of the day.
Heat makes flowers wilt faster, so when you bring your flowers into your home, find a place for them that is out of direct sunlight and away from the heater.
Consider placing small arrangements in the refrigerator overnight to help them last longer. If an arrangement is too large for the fridge, place them in the coolest area of the house for the night. Since heat rises, this often means placing the vase on the floor for the night.
Try not to let the temperature of the flowers go below 40ºF or above 72.ºF
Trim and Maintain
When you bring your flowers into your home, fill a sink or bucket with water and trim the stems at least one inch from the bottom at an angle while the stems are underwater. Use a sharp knife or sharp scissors for this task to avoid causes blockages in the veins of the stems.
In addition to cutting at an angle, create a vertical slice a going about one inch up the stem. This will help each stem to drink as much water as possible.
For woody stems, use a hammer or mallet to crush the bottom inch of the stem.
Trim away any leaves or branches that are going to be underwater. Make sure the stems are clean by going over them with a toothbrush. The cleaner you can keep the water, the longer your flower arrangement will last.
Maintain your flowers by repeating the underwater trimming process every day or every other day. Also, trim any flowers that are showing signs of wilting. Wilting flowers speed the wilting process of the other flowers around them because they release ethylene into the air nearby.
As your stems get shorter and your arrangement smaller, you’ll get to enjoy the several different looks that one bouquet can offer.
Manage Water Cleanliness
Keeping the water your flowers are in free from bacteria will help your cut flowers last and last. There are a number of around-the-house additives you can use to keep the water clean and fresh. It’s best to change the water every day or every other day, and refresh the additive of your choice each time. Here is a list of additives you can use to keep your flower water fresh:
- Bleach (1 tablespoon per quart of water)
- 7-up or Sprite Soda (1/8 cup per quart of water)
- Sugar & White Vinegar (3 tablespoons sugar, 2 tablespoons vinegar per quart of water)
- Sugar & Vodka (three drops Vodka, 1 teaspoon sugar per quart of water)
- Aspirin (one crushed tablet per quart of water)
Following these four easy and inexpensive steps will make your blooms stay fresh and colorful for days longer – hopefully for at least 10-12 days per arrangement. Please add to the comments if you have more tips for making cut flowers last. And feel free to share what is the longest you’ve been able to make an arrangement last.