Italian cities photos

Some basics

All words (nouns) in Italian have either a masculine or a feminine gender (masculine or feminine). Generally masculine words end in 'o' and feminine words in 'a'. Words that end in 'e' may be either, so you will just have to memorize the gender. 

Contrary to English, in Italian there is a formal and a familiar form for the second person ('you' is in the formal form 'Lei'). For a fluent speaker it is important to use the proper form or you may sound not very polite, but as a foreigner you will be definitely excused. Therefore to keep it simple in this article I only use the familiar form, which is usually utilised when addressing to a relative, a friend, a colleague or a child.

Grammar and sentence construction are interesting part of the Italian language, but the purpose of this article, is to keep it simple to a few words and sentences that may be able to help you while travelling in Italy.

Italian phonetic

Unlike English Italian is a highly phonetic language. This means that almost every sound is graphically represented by the same combination of letters (vowels and/or consonants), of course there are some exceptions, but they are minimal.
The below image should help you with the pronunciation of the below sentences.

Italian Pronunciation

Easy words and sentences to get you buy while travelling in Italy

Travel specific words

Passport --> Passaporto
Suitcase --> Valigia
Bag --> Borsa 
Ticket --> Biglietto
Reservation --> Prenotazione
Return ticket --> Biglietto di andata e ritorno
One way ticket --> Biglietto di sola andata
Seat --> Posto
Train station --> Stazione
Train --> Treno
Flight --> Volo
Airport --> Aeroporto


Hello --> Ciao
Good bye --> Ciao / Arrivederci (more formal)
Good morning --> Italian don't say that, instead they say Good day until the evening
Good day --> Buongiorno [bwonˈdʒorno]

Good afternoon --> Italian don't say that

Good evening --> Buonasera
Good night --> Buona notte
See you soon --> A presto
How are you? --> Come stai?
I'm good, thank you --> (Sto) bene, grazie
What's your name? --> Come ti chiami?
My name is ...-->Mi chiamo ...
Where do you live? --> Dove abiti?
I live in Rome --> Vivo a Roma
Thank you --> Grazie


Where? Dove?
Excuse me, where is the Colosseum? --> Mi scusi, dov’è il Colosseo?
How do I get to St Mark's Square? --> Come si fa ad arrivare a Piazza San Marco?
Where is the nearest bus stop? --> Dov’è l’autobus piu' vicino?
Does this bus go to the train station? --> Questo autobus va alla stazione dei treni?
Where is the underground/subway? --> Dov’è la metropolitana?
Where is the exit? --> Dov’è l’uscita?
Is it near? --> È vicino?
Is it far? --> È lontano?
Go straight ahead. --> Vai diritto
Go that way. --> Si va in quella direzione.
Go back. --> Si va indietro.
Turn right. --> Si gira a destra.
Turn left. --> Si gira a sinistra.
Take me to this address, please. --> Mi porti a questo indirizzo, per favore.
Stop here, please. --> Fermi qui, per favore.
Would you have a map of the city, please? --> Ha una piantina della città, per favore?

General phrases

Yes --> sì
No --> No
Please --> Per favore
Thank you --> Grazie
You are welcome. --> Prego.
Excuse me. --> Mi scusi.
Can you please repeat? --> Può ripetere, per favore?
I don't speak Italian well. --> Non parlo bene l'italiano.
Do you speak English? --> Parla inglese?
I speak English. --> Parlo inglese.
I'm lost. --> Mi sono perso (persa - for females)
I'm looking for my hotel. --> Sto cercando il mio albergo.
Yes, I know. --> Sì, lo so.
I don't know. --> Non lo so.
I don't know where it is -- > Non so dov’è.
I don't understand. --> Non capisco.
I understand, thanks. --> Capisco, grazie.
It's beautiful. --> È bello (bella for feminine words).
I don't know. --> Non lo so.
I can't. --> Non posso.
It's good --> E' buono.


I would like to buy this bag. --> Vorrei comperare questa borsa.
How much does it cost? --> Quanto costa
It's cheap (not expensive)! --> Non è caro (cara if it's a female word)!
It's expensive. --> Costa troppo.
How do you want to pay? --> Come vuoi pagare?
Cash --> Contanti.
Credit card --> Carta di credito.
Two cappuccinos, please. --> Due cappuccini, per favore.

Learn Italian Free - Phrases & Vocabulary for Travel, Study & Live in Italy
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