Simple ways to survive the summer heat
So the icy cold winter months are finally over and here comes summer at last. It is time to parade your trendy swimsuits and colourful summer outfits – but wait…here comes the dreaded heat wave!
What is a heat wave? A heat wave is an extended period of excessively hot weather with temperatures usually soaring up to over 40 C in some places. Over the years, global warming and climate change has resulted in making heat waves last even longer than ever before.
Dealing with a heat wave can be very challenging. Thus, it will be wise to learn how to battle the nasty heat wave before it comes your way.
Below are some simple ways to survive a heat wave:
1) STAY INDOORS
The last thing you would want to do when temperature soars to above 40 C is to sit in the park or beach for hours to have a picnic or to have a swim. Summer is a time to enjoy the beautiful sunshine but not during a severe heat wave. By exposing yourself to the scorching heat for an extended time, you risk getting a heat stroke or sunburn.
2) DRINK LOTS OF WATER
Keep your body as hydrated as possible by drinking lots of water. When the temperature is extremely hot, your body tends to sweat more than usual. Hence, it is very important to replenish the liquid that you have lost through sweating by drinking water. Avoid or minimize drinking alcoholic, carbonated and caffeinated drinks as these drinks can cause dehydration.
3) KEEP COOL INDOORS
When it is an extremely hot day, switch on the air-conditioner, cooler or fan to keep yourself cool. If you do not have any home cooling devices, head off to the nearest shopping centre or public library to enjoy their air-conditioning. It is not advisable to stay at home without any home cooling devices during a heat wave.
4) AVOID LONG WALKS
If you usually take long walks to go to work, school or university, choose to pay a bit extra to go to your destinations by public transport instead during a heat wave. If you really cannot afford to pay so much for public transport, choose to walk to your destinations early in the morning before the sun comes up.
5) APPLY SUNSCREEN LOTIONS
Extreme sunshine can cause you to have sunburns that may soon cause you to develop skin cancer. It is important to invest in a good sunscreen lotion and apply it to your skin before you go out every time, especially during a heat wave.
6) AVOID LEAVING CHILDREN AND PETS IN THE CAR
Even if you are leaving your children or pets for awhile to do some quick errands, do not ever leave them in the car during a heat wave. Children and pets are vulnerable because they cannot sweat enough to cool off. When you leave them in the car for a few minutes, the temperature in the car may rise to about 100 C in no time at all. Leaving them in the car therefore can be very dangerous.
7) LOOK OUT FOR THE ELDERLY
The elderly are often unaware of the amount of heat they can handle. If you have an elderly neighbour or friend who is living alone, check on him/ her from time to time to make sure he/she is okay. Make sure that he/she switches on the air-conditioner at all times and inform his/her family members immediately if he/she shows any signs of having a health problem.
8) BE PREPARED FOR EVACUATION IF A BUSH FIRE OCCURS
If you live near a bushfire prone area, you must understand the risks of bush fires and be prepared for evacuation. It is important to constantly stay tuned to the news so that you know of any bush fires that are present near your house. It is advisable to keep all your important documents and personal belongings in a safe location and bring them with you in the case of an evacuation.
Going through a heat wave can be very challenging. However, if you know how to take the right precautions, you will be able to face the dreaded season bravely.