What is ACTA?
ACTA stands for Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement. It is another way to protect intellectual property. It is a worldwide goal, to establish new laws in order to stop counter-fitting products to be shipped and/or traded between countries that have signed this bill.
What does bill really do?
People don't think about this bill, they could really care less. We have all heard of SOPA/PIPA those censorship that could destroy the DNS (Domain Name System) and also affect the free speech we have on the internet. We were all relieved to hear that SOPA/PIPA were delayed, but with ACTA there is a possibility that SOPA/PIPA (not SOPA but some of the censorship laws on to the internet) in other words they can take some parts of the bill and pass through as ACTA. Fact: ACTA was created in pure secrecy, the only way we know is because of WikiLeaks. We now know that the bill introduces the same laws from SOPA/PIPA. This is potentially another copyright protection bill, we were frustrated with the fact that SOPA/PIPA is going to take the free speech away from the internet. Now that I've explained to you what is it related to, now to talk about what ACTA actually is supposed to do. The bill will introduce more copyright protection towards intellectual property, but in the long run we know that it's going to damage the internet.
Who currently supports the ACTA bill?
United States, the European Union and 22 Member States, Australia, Canada, Japan, Morocco, New Zealand, Singapore, and South Korea. More countries are reviewing the bill and are considering the signing bill.
What is SOPA/PIPA?
SOPA stands for Stop Online Piracy and PIPA stand for Protect-IP Act, these bills both introduce new laws against piracy and intellectual property. These bills are being introduced in the U.S Congress and U.S Senate. The government states that this bill will just make current anti-piracy laws entirely. Social media companies and major companies like Google have opposed this bill because they have realized that these bills will not only take down sites with a lot of copyrighted content. It could blacklist these people for example; if a site like Tumblr had a bunch of copyrighted content the ISP (Internet Service Provider) has the power to block the sites within the U.S borders. Also with PIPA the government can declare you as a criminal, it will be on your criminal record, you won't be able to get a job, you will be fined and sentenced to prison for 5 years.