People with disabilities have rights that are supported by the federal law. One of them is the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The ADA was established in order to have a "clear and comprehensive prohibition of discrimination on the basis of disability." Pres. George H.W. Bush implemented this law and was amended by his son, George W. Bush in 2009.
To be specific, the rights under the ADA are employment, public accommodation, transportation, state and local government services, and telecommunication. For a person to be approved of these rights, the disability should be a "physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities and/or bodily functions."
In order for the disabled to enjoy their rights, proper accommodation should be provided by public establishments or agencies. Usually, workplaces are the ones that need to be improved in order to pass ADA compliance. The Office of Compliance listed the following accommodation apparatuses or specifications that should be present.
- The doors to office suites should be at least 32 inches wide. If the office has double doors that are less than the specified length, both doors need to be opened.
- Opening the doors should require less than five pounds of force. If it requires more, the doors should be kept open. Someone can also stand by the door once the office is open.
- Routes that lead to areas where the office representatives, staff, or officials meet with the public should be at least 36 inches wide to accommodate people in wheelchairs.
- Conference tables should measure at least 27 inches in height. This will allow enough knee clearance for wheelchair-bound people.
- The carpet on hallways and all areas that are open to the public should be secured to the floor. Its pile should be less than half inch thick.
- Objects that stick out into a passageway, like shelves or mailboxes, should be detectable by a blind person using a cane. The required length of the objects is more than four inches, and the leading edge is fewer than 27 inches above the floor.
- The place should have a telephone relay system or Telecommunications Device for the Deaf.
- Written documents should be available in large print or alternate formats.
- Signs like the office room number should come in Braille. It should be mounted 60 inches above the floor, on the latch side of the door.
Those are just some of the requirements for ADA compliance. Other places like malls, libraries, and schools also have own accommodations rules to follow.