HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is just like a common flu or cold virus that acts as a host to various medical conditions. The difference between the two is that a common cold virus can be destroyed by the body. With the HIV virus, the body has no mechanism that can destroy the virus. In fact, it can even destroy the body’s immune system as well as the major cells in it – CD4 cells and T-cells. These are the cells responsible for destroying viruses and various infections in the body. Once these cells are damaged, the body’s immune system becomes vulnerable even to small viruses. When this happens, the HIV infection will then lead to AIDS or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.

HIV/AIDS MapCredit: Wikimedia Commons - UNAIDS 2008 Global Report

How Can I Contract HIV/Aids?

If you are involved with multiple sexual partners, you are susceptible to having an HIV infection. To prevent this, you have to make sure that you are practicing safe sex. The HIV virus can be acquired in different ways including the following:

  • Unsafe anal or vaginal intercourse.
  • Unsafe oral sex with a person infected by the HIV virus.
  • Blood transfusion.
  • Accidental use of needles, syringe or any other sharp instruments that might be contaminated with HIV virus.
  • HIV can also be transferred by a pregnant woman to her child while breastfeeding or even during child birth.

HIV or AIDS is not acquired by simply doing activities with an infected person. It is not transferred through kissing, hugging or shaking hands, use of toilets or lavatories, sneezing, coughing, saliva, sharing utensils, sharing clothes, swimming pools and insect bites.


Treatment Of HIV/AIDS

As of today, there are no available cures for AIDS yet. However, there are various treatment methods that can be combined to help alleviate the symptoms of HIV virus or AIDS. One treatment option available for AIDS is ART or Antiretroviral Therapy. This treatment can help stop the reproduction of HIV virus inside the body, thus allowing the immune system to live longer. Take note that the body’s immune system is the main target of the HIV virus that is why you have to make sure that you seek medical attention immediately once you noticed symptoms of HIV or AIDS.

Once you experienced positive side effects from the treatment of HIV or AIDS, make sure that you do not stop with the treatment. There are several factors that need to be considered to determine if the person suffering from HIV or AIDS is ready for treatment. Once the patient is ready, the treatment should be done immediately. Always remember that prevention is better than cure. So make sure that you are always on the safe side when doing sexual intercourse with someone you barely know to prevent acquiring sexually transmitted diseases like HIV and AIDS. You also have to maintain the health of your immune system to reduce the risk of getting infections.