Organic gardening is not as difficult as many beginning gardeners believe it is. It is true there is a bit more work and increased attention levels to the details of an organic garden than a regular garden. However, with the proper guidance you will soon discover it's not anywhere near as difficult as you thought it was. This guide will provide you with the basic steps you need to get you started.Assuming you know nothing about organic gardening, let’s be sure you understand what it is. It simply means that you are going to plant your garden without using synthetic fertilizers or synthetic chemical pesticides.
To really maximize your garden, whether it’s flowers, herbs, veggies or a combination of several plants, it's best to have a planting plan. And the best time to formulate your plan is in the fall, right after the fall growing season ends. This way you will have time to prepare the ground before the spring planting season begins. You will also have time to figure out which plants might need to be germinated inside before spring arrives, and what your planting schedule will be.
Perhaps the most important thing that must be done first is to select the best location for your organic garden (or for that matter, any garden). Most plants will do extremely well if they can receive about six hours of sunlight per day. In most cases, positioning your planting area in the southeastern part of your lot will give more than enough sunlight. Also be sure your ground has easy access to water and good drainage/aeration.
After the ideal location has been decided on, the next step is to prepare the ground where the garden will be planted. This means physical labor. First you should till the ground using a yard fork or a tiller. Then start pulling weeds, grass and removing the rocks. To ensure that the weeds and grass don’t return you should perform the initial removal and then check it a few weeks later and remove any weeds or grass that have grown back.
Now it’s time for you to determine what your soil is going to need for nutrition. For the best results, soil samples should be taken and tested for pH level. This measures the acidity of the soil, which plays a huge role in determining the availability of the nutrients in the soil. If pH is too high or too low, the plants will be stunted or may not even grow at all.
Once the pH testing has been completed, you can figure out exactly what kind of natural fertilizers and pest control products you will need. You should also find out which plants will grow best at your soil’s pH level. Your crop choices will also somewhat influence your fertilizer and pest control needs.