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A Brief Introduction to 5 Types of Hydroponic Systems

By Edited Mar 6, 2016 0 0

Five Kinds of Hydroponic Systems

Cultivating plants hydroponically is a great and environmentally friendly method to farm for assorted reasons.  To start out with, it increases the amount of nutrients picked up by the plant, next it more or less eliminates unwanted insects found throughout soil and soil associated problems.  Thirdly, hydroponically grown crops tend to be more successful and give considerably more yield as compared with their planted cousins.  That being said, now there are a number of hydroponic systems that will likely be right for the average home grower and also for large scale commercially produced crops.

A number of these popular systems are typically the Ebb and Flow, Aeroponic, NFT also known as Nutrient Film Technique, Continuous Drip,  and Europonic Systems.  Since hydroponic systems can certainly come in a number of sizes, you can easily scale any one of these systems to fit a budget.

NFT or Nutrient Film Technique
Let's begin with the NFT, Nutrient Film Technique, which is a very popular method.  Within this strategy the vegetation will be suspended over troughs and then the nutrient solution is endlessly running through the troughs.  All the nutrient solution is held within a reservoir complete with a submersible pump.  Nutrient solution is always being recirculated to the starting point of one's trough system.  It trickles through the various roots preceding to cascade back into the reservoir in order to start the entire process over.  On occasion storm gutters are utilized as troughs and they can be fixed to the side of a wall in a manner that water starts at the topmost gutter that is placed on downward angle and so water falls down into the next gutter which is also on a downward angle, but angled the other direction.  Water continues to flow downward from one gutter to the next until it ends up back again within the reservoir in order to start over again. Large systems would definitely maintain greater troughs in which to facilitate even more flow over the particular root system.

Continuous Drip Systems
The continuous drip system incorporates a individual plants thier own pot or container with a tiny reservoir beneath it that recovers nutrient nutrient solution.  Commonly a drip ring is selected to provide a relentless flow of mixture to the plant contuously.  Holes within the bucket let the actual nutrient mixture be captured and reused.  This really is the simplest technique that is also great for a a little experimentation. Commercially it is not utilized due to the fact it really is not feasible in large scale processing.

Europonic System
The Europonic system uses rockwool and / or mineral wool, as it's often known as. This substance is made from molten rock at approximately 1,600 degrees Celsius which is spun a lot like the way cotton candy is created and it's comparable in nature to insulation.  It is selected due to it’s capability to to hold delicate root systems.  Rockwool is also able to hold considerable amounts of air as well as irrigate that are essential in to a well balanced and productive plant.
Inside a Europonic system, which gets it’s name from the industrial systems used in Europe, trays of vegetation growing throughout the rockwool material have hoses that deliver solution to each individual plant.  The mixture trickles right down to the roots till it collects in a receptical and makes it’s way back to the reservoir where it is constantly re-circulated.  Plants such as tomatoes, cucumbers, big flowering vegetation and even peppers happen to benefit from the Europonic method of growing.

Ebb and Flow Systems
Ebb and Flow systems are built on the idea of which grow out trays are repeatedly flooded and subsequently drained over and over again.  Crops like lettuce, peppers, tomatoes as well as flowering vegetation do well in an ebb and flow system.  A specific thing to be aware of with this sort of system is that when water evaporates from the growing trays it leaves behind salts from the nutrient mixture. Which when left to accumulate, could be toxic to the plants and flowers.  Regular flushing with fresh water is going to eliminate many of these salts from building up to harmful levels.

Aeroponic Systems
Finally, Aeroponics is will be following and last strategy.  Inside this particular system the vegetation grows without the need of a an aggragate inside a sort of misty environment wherein the entire root system is continually sprayed with the nutrient solution.  The stalks of the plants are reinforced by various kinds of substances including foam, neoprene, or perhaps net pots.  A trellis can easily be used to support the entire plant as soon as it starts to yield fruit. Beneath the plant is usually some sort of container that catches the excess nutrient solution so it can be reused.  Not only leafy green plants, but also herbs do particularly well in a aeroponic system.  This is a great system for seedlings to develop in after they have germinated.

 So there you have it, five different hydroponic systems. Each one has the same basic needs, a means of supporting the plant, nutrient solution, and a reservior for the solution. 



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