Man is congenitally a corrupt creature. Right from the outset, this fact has been stated in some other ways in order to achieve two things. First is that scarcely should one count oneself out from this infection. As water is to fish, so is corruption is to every human person. Corruption is a household thing; there is virtually no person who is not corrupt in one way or the other. The entire world is corrupt, that statement should be seen as shocking, but it is obviously an irrefutable revelation. No one has ever challenge or denied it an understanding of the feature of corruption in its relation to man should enlist our sober reflection on the frailty of man.
Secondly, the tendency to stigmatize the ruling or wealthy class alone with corruption constitutes a serious hindrance to the fight against the plague. A thief should not call someone a thief. Perversion of a standard remains the same whether it is perpetrated by the rich or the poor, the powerful or the weak, the leader or the led, the educated or the illiterate. Development of the world has remained chequered and a far cry not because a section, but because every section of the polity is corrupt. Until we awake to the reality of identifying the virus of corruption in all facets of our public life and action, effort at addressing the problem in the world would be unproductive.
The Holy Bible provides us with some information and vital background to investigate what could be the origin and source of this cancerous disease know as corruption. The first two chapters of the book of Genesis give us a picture of creation, the purpose of creation and the standard for stability in creation. This is made clear in Genesis 1:26-28, as we read as follows; “Then God said, let us made man in our own image, in our likeness, and let them have rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth and over all creatures that move along the ground. So God created man in his own image, in the image if God, he created him; male and female, he created then. God blessed them and said to them, "Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it".
Humankind in the creation was imbued with an exquisite beauty, unsurpassed wisdom and intelligence, distinct from all the other creatures. God built into man the value and dignity peculiar only to himself. When he took man and put him into the Garden of Eden. He gave him definite instructions to freely eat of every tree of the Garden but not of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. The instruction was clear evidence that God destined man for greatness and goodness, through gainful engagement and freedom to choose, on the expectation that with obedience to his command, man would live a life of harmony, joy, justice, free from all fears, pressures and tensions pains and hurts, with defects and deficiencies.
Forbidding eating of the fruit of a particular tree became the primary normative standard before the first parents of mankind, as a condition for enjoying a full and complete life, and attaining an exquisite destiny. On transgressing against this one commandment, man was to forfeit this glamorous life package and face the wrath of God. The woman Eve, in her encounter with the tempter, was faced with two options namely , giving up the kind of life promised by God and giving in to the tempter's kind of life The tempter's approach was quit simple but subtle. By trying to convince Eve that they would not die if they ate the forbidden fruit.
The root cause of corruption therefore is covetousness. And covetousness is having a strong desire for something someone hasn't. The chief investigator of man into covetousness is the tempter, which is the devil. Covetousness operates in the absence of contentment. On the other hand, covetousness manifest in a frantic and an unscrupulous desire to possess beyond one's personal needs. Thereby violating an already established normative standard, just to achieve one's selfish aim (corruption).