Eritrea is the oldest independent country in Africa. In 1885 Italy occupied Magaswa despite protests from Ethiopia Emperor John IV. The Italians kept the coast until the accession in 1889 of Emperor Menlick II who enjoyed Italian military and political support. On May 2nd, 1889 Menlick signed the Treaty of Wuchale which gave Rome power over part of Eritrea.
After World War II Eritrea continued to be an independent nation, although the province of Ethiopia remained under British control until 1952. Then it was federated with Eritrea. The Muslims were very unhappy about the decision so in 1962 it was dissolved and the province was annexed by Haile Selassie. This caused an outbreak of war, the Muslims against the Christians.
The economy was very poor in Eritrea. A lot of the economy was shattered by civil war and famine. Roads, factories, water systems and irrigation works were damaged or destroyed by Ethiopian bombing. The government is now attempting to reconstruct the irrigated agriculture of the Gash river valley along Eritrea's west border with Sudan. Cotton from that area would help boast exports as well as national food supply. Government revenues come from custom duties and taxes on income and sales. Road construction is a top domestic priority in this country. In the long term, Eritrea may benefit from the development of offshore oil, offshore fishing and tourism. Eritrea's economic future depends on its ability to master social and economic problems by reducing illiteracy, promoting job creation and expanding technical training. The most immediate threat to economy was in May 1998. The hostilities have drained away substantial resources that were vital to Eritrea's economical development.
The physical appearance of this country is very spectacular. Eritrea is a very mountainous country. The temperatures here range anywhere from 50 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. However, in the lowlands they can reach up to 100 degrees. In Eritrea there are a couple of rivers; Gash, Baraka and the Teneze. There is a sea that borders around Eritrea which is called the red sea. The largest mountain in this country is called mountain Soira, which is almost 10,000 feet tall. Eritrea has many cities, the main cities being; Karkebet, Zula, Umn Hajar, Thio, Edd, Asab and the capital with is Asmara. This country is a fairly good size that of being 45,000 square miles.
There are a few famous people that are from Eritrea. Adam Ferguson is very famous and did indeed live in this country. Adam lived from 1723-1780. He was born in Pitfour, Aberdeenshire. Ferguson invented the breech loaded rifle. It was capable of shooting seven shots per minute. With this weapon, the Americans were defeated at the Battle of Brandywind in 1777. Adam was killed at the Battle of King's Mountain in South Carolina, U.S.A. Another famous person in Eritrea that is great to mention is James (or Jim) Clark. Jim was born in 1936 and passed away in 1968. Jim won the World Championship racing twice. He won seven Grand prix races in a row, 25 in all, which broke the previous record of 24.
The last person in Eritrea is Billy Connolly. Billy was born in 1 942 and there is a mystery about when and how he passed away. He was born with a comedian and TV personality known as the "Big Yin". He appeared in Africa situation comedy "Head of the Class".