Overview of Erb’s Palsy
Erb’s palsy is also known as Erb-Duchenne Palsy. It is paralysis of the upper extremities due to injury of the brachial plexus. When the upper part of the spinal cord, specifically the cervical vertebrae, is injured, it will affect the function and mobility of the arms. Most incident of Erb’s palsy is caused by difficult labor resulting to shoulder dystocia. Thankfully, in most cases, the nerve injury could be resolved without treatment but other cases would need to have medications, therapy and surgery. The following could be a causative factor of Erb’s palsy.
- Dystocia – as what was already mentioned, difficulty in delivering a baby could cause Erb’s palsy. During delivery, excessive force might have been applied on the shoulders as the baby is passing at the birth canal. If the presentation of a baby is breech, the pressure from the raised arm could damage the brachial plexus.
- Clavicle fracture – a baby could have Erb’s palsy when the clavicle is broken or taken out of place. As a result, the structures that are attached between the shoulder and clavicle may also displace the brachial plexus.
- Accidents and mechanical injuries – a person who falls on his or her shoulder side could sustain a tear or excessive stretching of the nerves of brachial plexus. A gunshot, sudden or violent pull on the arm, and aggravation of shoulder dislocation can also cause Erb’s palsy.
Signs and Symptoms of Erb’s Palsy
Treatment of Erb’s Palsy
Summary of Erb’s palsy
Erb’s palsy could be very debilitating and can affect the entire quality of life. If one is afflicted with this type of disorder, his or her level of functioning can decrease.