Acne is an inflammatory skin disease caused by a bacterial infection that is generally associated with teenagers, however pimples and blackheads are not a problem only for youngsters, the prevalence of acne in adults is common in adult men and women; in fact it is estimated that around 45% of adults during their 20s suffer from mild to moderate acne.
Many people believe that having acne or permanent scarring could affect their professional development as well as destroy their social life, but only a small percentage of those with the disease actually look for professional help.
Nowadays, there are many possible solutions to reduce or control the onset of adult acne; the most important are:
Retinoids are Vitamin A derivatives; they are the first line of defense against comedonal and inflamed acne. A health specialist should prescribe retinoid as it could cause side effects on a small percentage of the patients.
They work by exfoliating the skin, cleaning dirty pores and avoiding the clog up of blackheads and whiteheads; with the added benefit of reducing lines if applied as instructed. The best known are tretinoin, adepalene and tazarotene.
Oral antibiotics used to treat acne include erythromycin or one of the antibiotics tetracycline derivatives. The best-absorbed tetracycline is oxytetracycline; they should be prescribed by a doctor and should be consumed during a short period of time as they become less useful and effective because of the common resistance of the P. acnes bacteria.
Avoid Over Washing or Using Harsh Scrubs
Alcohol-based products will not solve the problem; in fact, they make the situation worse by prompting excess oil production and more blemishes.
Control Stress Levels
When you are stress, your body produces cortisol; this “stress hormone” stimulates an over production of oil from sebaceous glands, resulting in acne.
Take a Good Look at your Hair and Skin Products
All the products you use for your hair or skin should be oil free and “non-comedogenic”; products that contain oil will clog your pores and cause a breakout.
Watch What You Eat
Cocoa products, fried, high fat dairy, pork, chili, pizza and hamburgers might revive acne.
Thoroughly wash the affected area at least twice a day, preferably with warm water and don’t let sweat stick around.
In conclusion, acne is an irritating skin condition that has affected million of people all over the world, however there are ways to control and reduce it; some are more effective and efficient than others and it varies on each person; the key is to find the treatment that works the best for you.