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Advantages and Disadvantages for Artificial Intelligence

By Edited Aug 21, 2015 3 7

What are the Pros and Cons of AI?

Before going into the actual advantages and disadvantages for artificial intelligence, it would be best to come up with a clear idea and definition of what exactly constitutes 'artificial intelligence', also commonly  referred to as its acronym"AI".

Artificial Intelligence refers to the 'intelligence' of machinery, when we refer to 'intelligence'  we are measuring the ability of the machine has in understanding its environment and then the corresponding actions it takes.

The term 'Artificial Intelligence' was originally formed by John McCarthy  amongst a conference in which he defined it as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines" [1]. But the actual understanding of artificial intelligence goes way back, even to the ancient greek myths. 

The Advantages for Artificial Intelligence (AI)

  • Jobs - depending on the level and type of intelligence these machines receive in the future, it will obviously have an effect on the type of work they can do, and how well they can do it (they can become more efficient). As the level of AI increases so will their competency to deal with difficult, complex even dangerous tasks that are currently done by humans, a form of applied artificial intelligence.
  • Increase Our Technological Growth Rate - following on from the point above, AI will potentially help us 'open doors' into new and more advanced technological breakthroughs. For instance, due to their ability to produce millions and millions of computer modelling programs also with high degrees of accuracy, machines could essentially help us to find and understand new chemical elements and compounds etc. Basically, a very realistic advantage AI could propose is to act as a sort of catalyst for further technological & scientific discovery.
  • They don't stop - as they are machines there is no need for sleep, they don't get ill , there is no need for breaks or Facebook, they are able to go, go, go! There obviously may be the need for them to be charged or refueled, however the point is, they are definitely going to get a lot more work done than we can. All that is required is that they have some energy source.
  • No risk of harm - when we are exploring new undiscovered land or even planets, when a machine gets broken or dies, there is no harm done as they don't feel, they don't have emotions. Where as going on the same type of expeditions a machine does, may simply not be possible or they are exposing themselves to high risk situations.
  • Act as aids - they can act as  24/7 aids to children with disabilities or the elderly, they could even act as a source for learning and teaching. They could even be part of security alerting you to possible fires that you are in threat of, or fending off crime.
  • Their function is almost limitless - as the machines will be able to do everything (but just better) essentially their use, pretty much doesn't have any boundaries. They will make fewer mistakes, they are emotionless, they are more efficient, they are basically giving us more  free time to do as we please.

The Disadvantages for Artificial Intelligence (AI)

  • Over reliance on AI - as you may have seen in many films such as The Matrix, iRobot or even kids films such as WALL.E, if we rely on machines to do almost everything for us -- we have become so dependent, that if they were to simply shut down (or even decide they want to give up this working gig) they have the potential to ruin our economy and effectively our lives. Although the films are essentially just fiction, they still present a real possibility if we become too heavily dependent on machines. It wouldn't be too smart on our part not to have some sort of back up plan to potential issues that could arise, if the machines 'got real smart'.
  • Human Feel - as they are are machines they obviously can't provide you with that 'human touch and quality', the feeling of a togetherness and emotional understanding, that machines will lack the ability to sympathise and empathise with your situations, and may act irrationally as a consequence.


  • Inferior - as machines will be able to perform almost every task better than us in practically all respects, they will take up many of our jobs, which will then result in masses of people who are then jobless and as a result feel essentially useless. This could then lead us to issues of mental illness and obesity problems etc.
  • Misuse - there is no doubt that this level of technology in the wrong hands can cause mass destruction, where robot armies could be formed, or they could perhaps malfunction or be corrupted which then we could be facing a similar scene to that of terminator ( hey, you never know).
  • Ethically Wrong? - People say that the gift of intuition and intelligence was God's gift to mankind, and so to replicate that would be then to kind of 'play God'. Therefore not right to even attempt to clone our intelligence.

Explaining the Concept of Artificial Intelligence

Summary of the Advantages and Disadvantages for Artificial Intelligence (AI)

The truth is we don't know really what is going to happen (obviously can't predict the future), until mankind eventually gives birth to AI and let it be (this being said once we have AI, we might be able to harness it to give us at least a more accurate vision). Currently all we can do is speculate, so many of the points of 'advantages and disadvantages for artificial intelligence' above are just guesses, we might (and probably) will face an entirely different array of benefits and problems. 

Artificial Intelligence is Coming...



Sep 1, 2011 6:41pm
This will be an ongoing debate just like human cloning ethics (see my article on that). You made some good pro's and con's. Thumbs up!
Sep 4, 2011 8:36am
In some cases, I've seen companies that moved manufacturing to China move back to the US (or Germany or Great Britain) by building automated robotic factories in their home countries to compete. Although this doesn't create assembly jobs, it does create a lot of other jobs (robotic maintenance for one) and moves the profits back to the home country.
Sep 4, 2011 10:27am
That is a great insight Vic.
Sep 9, 2011 2:56am
The human being always finds difficult to accept changes and 'artificial intelligence' won't be received very well by many of us; although it will bring in facts a lot of benefits; I guess the main concern as you pointed out on your article is the over reliance on AI.
Sep 12, 2011 1:01pm
It has led to great unemployment in many nations of the world.Though it helps in making a workdone fast in doing but i think advantages is more than disadvantages.well done guy.
Oct 17, 2011 7:13am
I love watching sci-fi since fourth grade, I think. They somewhat foretell the future. The scientific ideas of old in the past became true eventually. Who knows, that A.I. Steven Spielberg movie just might happen sooner than we think.
Oct 22, 2011 4:51am
Tireless performance of tasks makes for one of the biggest advantages of artificial intelligence.Apart from the risk of a breakdown, there also always is the imminent risk of a loss of data.
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  1. "Stanford's John McCarthy, seminal figure of artificial intelligence, dies at 84." Stanford News. 4/06/2014 <Web >
  2. "Handoff By Erik Charlton." Flickr.com. 4/06/2014 <Web >
  3. "Robot pistolero By jlmaral." Flickr.com. 4/06/2014 <Web >

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