Afghanistan is a country located in the middle of southern Asia.


Afghanistan has been inhabited for several thousand years. It has been subject to invasion on numerous occasions: by the Turks, by the Mongols, by Muslims, by Alexander the Great, by the communist Soviet Union in 1979 and the United States in 2001 following the attacks of September the 11th, 2001. All of these nations and cultures have left their influence on modern day Afghanistan.
Alexander the Great's invasion at around 330 BC marks the beginning of written history for Afghanistan. Afghanistan was a great center of trade before the modern era. It has a rich cultural and religious history.


Given it's location in central Asia, many major religions have influenced the country throughout history. It has been called home by substantial numbers of Muslims, Zoroastrians, Buddhists, Sikhs and Hindus. Today, the most common religion in Afghanistan is the Sunni variation of Islam. There are also numerous adherents to the Shi'a variation of Islam in the country.

Economy and Trade

As of the turn of the 21st century, Afghanistan is an impoverished nation. Still, it is rich in natural resources such as natural gas and petroleum. Afghanistan also possesses many mineral natural resources such as: iron ore, gold and copper. In the underground economy, Afghanistan has traditionally been a major exporter of the (generally) illegal drug opium.

Current issues and problems

Major issues facing the country today include confronting and stopping the drug trade, coping with tribal warlords that rule the countryside, fighting old remnants of the Taliban regime and handling the U.S. and NATO led occupation and restructuring of the country and its government.


The current capital of Afghanistan is Kabul, located in the southeast.

The country currently has 34 provinces: Badakhshan, Badghis, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Daykundi, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghor, Helmand, Herat, Jowzjan, Kabul, Kandahar, Kapisa, Khost, Kunar, Kunduz, Laghman, Logar, Nangarhar, Nimroz, Nuristan, Paktika, Paktiya, Panjshir, Parwan, Samangan, Sar-e Pul, Takhar, Uruzgan, Wardak and Zabul

Afghanistan ratified a new constitution under the U.S. led occupation in 2004.

There are numerous political parties in Afghanistan.


Afghanistan is a landlocked country.

There is scant access to bodies of water in Afghanistan.

It's elevation varies greatly from 258 m (Amu Darya) to 7,485 m (Noshak).