Propagation is a great way to expand your plant collection. African violets tend to have a limited lifespan and it can be expensive to replace them every few years. By learning how to propagate an African violet you can save some money while also enjoying a new hobby!
In order to propagate an African violet you will need a few supplies. Pick up a bottle of Root Tone at your local gardening store along with a pair of small pruners. You will also need a pot and some soil to plant your fresh clippings in.
Use your pruners to cut off a few leaves of your African violet plant. Cut off the stems as close to the base of the plant as you can. Sprinkle some Root Tone onto a paper towel. Roll the stems of each leaf into the Root Tone so the area that was cut is completely covered. Plant each leaf into the pot and keep the soil evenly moist.
Tip: Root Tone is a fungicide and it actually encourages the development of new roots on cuttings. Using it will ensure that your propagation attempt has a better chance of being successful.
Tip: Some plant varieties are actually trademarked. Usually the plant tag will have a message about trademark violations if this is the case. It can be illegal to propagate trademarked varieties so just use caution when selecting the original plant!
Make your own African violet soil
Your local garden store probably sells bags of African violet potting soil. If you can't find some, or you are unhappy with its quality, you can also make your own African violet soil. All you need are bags of peat moss, vermiculite, and perlite. Mix all three ingredients together in equal portions to make your own African violet soil.
Vermiculite is a soil conditioner which improves the overall health of your African violets. Perlite will keep your African violet soil light and fluffy so it does not strangle the plant's roots. Peat moss helps to retain water so that your African violets will stay evenly moist.
Invest in self-watering pots
In order to see your African violets thrive you will need to keep their soil evenly moist. This means the top of the soil can't be wet while the bottom is dry. By planting your African violet in a self-watering pot you will actually be watering it from the bottom up. This can help to ensure that the soil is evenly moist. If the top layer of soil is dry the soil will suck up water from the bottom of the pot. You don't have to do anything aside from filling the self-watering pot with water on occasion.