The Amazon rainforest and river has thousands of unique species and many more which still haven't been discovered. Not only is the Amazon home to 10 percent of the worlds known species but also home to the largest animals and species in the world.
More than 1200 new species have been discovered since 1999 to 2010. One of the most recent discoveries was an anaconda as long as a limousine, a giant catfish so big it can eat monkeys, poisonous dart frogs, and a mysterious large blue fanged tarantula that is all brown except for the two fangs which are blue. These are just a few of the discoveries. What stands out the most in these discoveries, is many of the animals are bigger than normal or very poisonous.
The Amazon is the world's largest tropical rainforest and largest river in the world. The Amazon covers more than half of Brazil and is 4,000 miles long. It's a breeding ground for species of all sorts. Over 500 mammals, 175 lizards and over 300 other reptile species, and one third of the world's birds live in the Amazon. It's estimated that there's over 30 million insect types that can be found here, as stated by WWF.
The giant sized animals in the Amazon is incredible and mysterious. Below is a list of several Amazon Giants.
The Amazon's Largest Catfish: The piraiba is the largest catfish in the Amazon River. The piraiba's massive mouth measures nearly 16 inches across. Fishermen have found monkeys, cats, dogs, large fish and even other catfish inside of these huge fish, indicating that these fish are scavengers and eat dead creatures in the water.
Electric eel: The electric eel is actually a species of fish and not an eel. The Amazon electric eel can reach 9 feet long and a weigh up to 60 pounds. It has a long scaleless cylinder body that is capable of a 650 volt electric shock. The electric eel stays in the muddy bottoms of the river and the locals stay away from the eel because it has the ability to deliver a powerful shock, even up to eight hours after its death.
Amazon Giant River Turtle: It is one of the largest freshwater turtles in the world. The females weigh up to 200 pounds and have shells over 40 inches long. The females lay about 50-150 eggs and these turtles live most of their life in the water.
Giant Anteater : It has a 2-foot long tongue and can reach up to 8 feet long and weighs up to 140 pounds. The anteater dosn't have any teeth, so it swallows the ants by crushing them on the top of its mouth.
Giant River Otter : This otter is an endangered species of the Amazon. It can grow up to 6 feet long and weighs up to 70 pounds. The Amazon river otter is the biggest of its kind in the world. It is a member of the weasel family. These otters have been hunted extensively and have become the rarest otters in the world. It is believed there are only a few thousand left.
Capybara: The Capybara is the largest rodent on Earth, the capybara is about 4 feet tall and weighs around 100 pounds. The Capybara is related to rats and mice. They are common in the Amazon and are a favorite to be hunted by jaguars, caimans, ocelots and anacondas.
Amazon Macaw: It is the largest bird in the parrot family. The macaw can reach from 1 foot to 3 feet in size. The Macaw is considered to be one of the most beautiful birds in the Amazon.
Amazon Piranha: The meat eating piranha is one of the world's most terrifying creatures in the Amazon. They eat almost anything. It has razor-like teeth that can shred flesh from bone in a matter of seconds and has a powerful jaw. It can grow to 60 centimetres long. Piranhas hunt in packs of 20 or more and they swim very quickly. Piranhas don't kill their prey before eating, they begin eating while the prey is still alive. Baby Piranhas are just as aggressive, and will feed on the flesh of anything that swims to close to them. The Adult piranhas have been known to eat their own babies. The Natives will catch piranha to use their razor sharp teeth for tools.
Black Caiman: It isâ€¨ the largest predator and reptile in the Amazon River. It can grow up to 20 feet long and reach up to 3,000 pounds in weight. The black caiman is a meat-eater and eats birds, catfish, turtles and some land animals like the capybara and deer.
Anaconda: The Amazon anaconda snake continues to grow throughout its entire life, reaching up to 21 feet, but some have been recorded to be up to 33 feet long, and they weigh up to 550 pounds. This snake is very similar to the boa constrictor. They live in the streams, rivers and swamps in the Amazon. They like water more than land. The anacondas feed on wild pigs, deer, capybara and large rodents. They hunt at night and often attack their prey and take them in the water, the prey usually drowns before it is killed. They swallow their victims whole.
Poison Arrow Frog: This frog is very small in size, but very poisonous. So poisonous it can kill up to 100 people. It has the most powerful poison known by man.
The locals use the venom at the tips of their arrows for hunting. The poison arrow frogs are attractive and are known for their bright colors to warn other animals that they are poisonous.
Amazon Horned Frog: The huge horned frog is found only in the Amazon . They can grow to 8 inches long and are usually tan with stripes. They are very territorial. Their huge mouths and aggressive appetites have earned them the nickname "Pac Man frogs." They eat snails, mice, other frogs and even tadpoles of its own species.
Poison arrow frog