Bill Gates and Dr. Margaret Chan Sitting Together
Apparently, the WHO Endorses Wolbachia-Infected Mosquito Releases
Dr. Chan, How Do You Sleep at Night?
A few days ago I read a post by Dr. Margaret Chan, Director-General of WHO, titled Zika: We must be ready for the long haul.
Notably, Dr. Chan wrote:
"In the decades between its discovery in Uganda in 1947 and its appearance in the Americas, only a few human cases of Zika virus were reported."
Yet, further along she acknowledges that in 2007, on Yap Island, three-quarters of the population "were infected with Zika virus". And she added, "only about 1000 people fell ill ... "
Then, Dr. Chan mentions the 2013 - 2014 outbreak in French Polynesia which resulted in "an estimated 30,000 cases".
How does 1,000 + 30,000 = only a few human cases?
Then, completely ignoring the phylogenetics of Zika, Dr. Chan continues to mention dengue and chikungunya:
"Could the three viruses somehow interact, in an amplifying way, to damage babies in the womb? Could something in the environment of northeastern Brazil, the epicentre of the outbreak, be partly responsible, perhaps a chemical or a natural toxin? No one had firm answers."
I Have Firm Answers, Dr. Margaret Chan
1) You ignored the evidence submitted as early as February 2016 by Drs. Ayres, Hunter, Guedes, and Guo et al. that proved Culex are also Zika vectors.
2) If you and the WHO are "working closely with the government to strengthen the country's preparedness and response capacity," then why did you and the WHO (and everyone in the media, except me) completely ignore Guo et al. study out of China?
On Sept. 7th, 2016, the study Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus: a potential vector to transmit Zika virus by Guo et al. concluded:
"These laboratory results clearly demonstrate the potential role of Cx. p. quinquefasciatus as a vector of ZIKV in China. Because there are quite different vector management strategies required to control Aedes (Stegomyia) species and Cx. p. quinquefasciatus, an integrated approach may be required should a Zika epidemic occur."
3) Why haven't you warned southeast Asia that the Culex genus of mosquitoes are proven Zika vectors?
4) Why do you (the WHO, CDC, and others) continue to lump Zika in with dengue, yellow fever, and chikungunya?
Surely you know that the phylogenetic placement of ZIKV is supported 99 percent within the clade that includes West Nile virus. Or perhaps you missed those science classes at university.
West Nile virus has been detected in over 300 species of dead birds.
It is extremely likely that birds are amplifying ZIKV. Culex mosquitoes bite at night, many of the genus prefer feeding off birds but also bite livestock and humans. However, some Culex mosquitoes prefer humans and other mammals for their blood meals.
Mosquito bed nets would help (the public should be informed of this) and eradication efforts should include open bodies of water.
5) Why are you ignoring the fact that 15 percent of birds in Uganda had Zika according to the study Arbovirus Survey in Wild Birds in Uganda by Okia, N.O. et al.?
This percentage would only increase (since this study was from 1971). And sadly, a popular pet in southeast Asia, the bulbul appears to be the most likely amplifying reservoir host.Credit: Screenshot of Okia et al. Table 1 [Fair Use]
6) Why didn't you postpone or move the Rio Olympics as advised by 240 scientists and public health experts?
You acknowledged that "the virus could spread, unchecked, like wildfire, sparked by the volume of international air travel" and yet you ignored the advice of experts.
Is it because the WHO formed an unethical relationship with the IOC in 2010?
7) Why are you blaming "the world's collective preparedness" when it was you, the WHO, and other public health authorities that failed to warn the world:
- Culex are also vectors of Zika.
- Level 3 travel restrictions should be enacted.
- Zika has been found in blood 101 days.
- Zika has been found in saliva 49 days.
- "Zika can survive on hard, non-porous surfaces for as long as eight hours, possibly longer when the environment contains blood, which is more likely to occur in the real world," said lead researcher S. Steve Zhou, Ph.D.
- Zika threatens male fertility and crash male hormone levels. It can cause hematospermia and prostatitis.
8) Why did the WHO say it would carry out its own viral testing in Rio's Olympic waterways but then later renege stating that bacterial tests alone would suffice?
Was it because Culex eggs (which also carry the Zika virus) would be found?
You wrote: "In November 2016, I lifted the declaration of Zika as a public health emergency of international concern, again on the advice of the expert committee. That, too, was the right call."
No, Dr. Margaret Chan, It Was Not the Right Call
Public Health Experts and Ethical Scientists Do Not Agree
The Zika virus (as you state) is "firmly entrenched" in large parts of the world.
But downgrading its status has done nothing but limit the funding to fight Zika and left most of the western world in the dark.
You have only accomplished one thing before you retire:
Ensured that the poorest billion among us remain at risk for Zika and other neglected tropical diseases.
Sadly, your connection to Bill Gates confirms my worst fear: you are fully aware of the impact Wolbachia is having on the greater ecosystems in the poorest regions of the world.
In fact, Wolbachia is responsible for the most widespread pandemics in the animal kingdom (LePage and Bordenstein, 2013).Credit: (all from flickr and all CC-by-2.0): muffinn (top left image); Russell Neches (bottom left image); Peter Sheik (top right image); and Simon Kutcher, AFAP (bottom left image). Design & text by RoseWrites [Available on Zazzle.com]
Wolbachia is not some harmless bacteria, it's a reproductive parasite. And a world renown expert, Dr. Jack Warren, even cautioned in 2007:
Although Wolbachia is not known to infect any vertebrates, such as humans, lateral gene transfers have happened before in the distant past.
According to a Science 2.0 post:
"Werren says that the frequent nature of Wolbachia lateral gene transfers indicates that this parasite has probably produced new functions in some animals. Moreover, the transfer of even a fragment of a Wolbachia genome would be significant if it contained even one functional gene."
My point: Culex, bulbuls, and how Wolbachia is affecting the greater ecosystems (including humans) should be a top research priority right now.Credit: World Map by Christopher Schnese, Artic tern by NatJLN, Mesocyclops by Simon Kutcher, AFAP, Aedes mosquitoes by Ricardo (riyagi), Herring by Jacob BÃƒÂ¸tter, Bulbul by myjkccd. Text, Colors, Culex Mosquitoes, and other images by RoseWrites.
But, Dr. Aileen Marty, a member of WHO's Advisory Group on Mass Gatherings, Risk Assessments, Command & Control, EID (Emerging Infectious Diseases) made it clear to me what your position is regarding Culex and Wolbachia-infected mosquito releases. And more releases in Florida are scheduled for March 2017.
I sincerely hope that your conscience, other scientists, or public outcry will stop these releases until independent researchers can investigate.
We Must Investigate Culex, Wolbachia, and Bulbuls Now
Other Zika-Related Articles and Ways to Help
I created a collection on Zazzle with over 100 products that educate and promote the prevention of the spread of Zika. Every item purchased will help fund Zika research. You can even customize most of the products.
I also have a Facebook page called Zika: Let's Stop a Global Pandemic where you can keep up-to-date on the latest findings from the scientific community (not just mainstream media).
Author's note: All of my citations have a clickable link to their source. The list is found in the bibliography at the end of this page.