What is Native American art?
The main objective of this article is to supply the reader a review of Native American art and craft and what it includes. At the closure of this article, the viewer should be capable to define the phrases Native American Art, pre-Columbian, post contact, paleoindian, and archaic.
The phrase Native American Art refers to the artwork developed by the ancient ancestors of what is presently regarded as North, South, and Central America. This may also include art that is known as pre-Columbian, which means it was developed before Columbus and Europeans got to America, or it could be referred to as colonial or post contact if it was produced after Europeans came in contact with Native Americans.
The earliest known peoples of North America are called the Paleo-indians or Paleo-Americans. From the Paleoindian people, there are three main traditions: The Clovis Culture, the Folsom Culture, and the Late Paleoindians or Plano Culture.
Paleoindians are the forefathers of present day Native Americans. Stone tools are the most well-known examples of man-made art or artifacts from indigenous America. Hand-created rock spears could have assisted hunters to kill and catch giant wildlife called megafauna such as mammoth or bison.
The Archaic period followed the late paleoindian phase beginning in around 7000 BC.
The Archaic period ended at different moments all over the Americas, based on when each group took up agriculture as a means of survival. In the southwest section of northern America, three particular civilizations developed which relied on agriculture for subsistence, the Mogollon, Anasazi and Hohokam.
In eastern north America, the Archaic period finished and following cultures included the Adena of what is now Ohio and also the Hopewell cultures. The Adena and Hopewell were among the mound-building civilizations who created such effigies as the serpent mound and carvings from copper, mica, and clay.
Between about AD 750 and 1500, several pre-Columbian societies flourished in what is now the Tennessee and Mississippi river valleys. These groups are together known as the Mississippian cultures. The distinctive works of art of the Mississippian cultures were huge plateau mounds surrounded by plazas, which were the foundation for the biggest ancient American society in North America, labeled Cahokia. Other items from the Mississippian cultures include signature pottery and repousse copper sculptures.
At around 1500 AD, the pre-Columbian period finished and the post contact or colonial period started for some societies. For other people, it took a lot longer to come into contact with Europeans.
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