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Archetype And Myth

By Edited Nov 13, 2013 0 0

Conscience Oxford Dictionary defines archetype as an original or ideal model from which others are copied. In Greek language, an archetype is the original pattern or model which a thing is made. The self-subsistent universal ideas of Plato are archetypes which are reflected in the world of sense.

In literature, archetype is used as a symbol that helps to unify and integrate literacy experience. It is a mode of communication.

Archetype dominates the unconscious mind of mankind. The myths of the primitive societies are archetypes, a mode of communicating what is in the unconscious mind.

In the Imenti myth that narrates the origin of death, the sun sent the Mole to tell people that they would die then resurrect and enjoy physical immortality. The Hyena, a greedy carnivore, after learning the message that the Mole was going to deliver threatened him to alter the message. The Hyena dictated the Mole to tell people that they would die but not ever to resurrect back to life. In fear of being the Hyena’s meal for the day, the Mole delivered the message as directed by the Hyena. The remorseful Mole took cover in underground tunnels in fear of facing the sun, and emerges only at night when the sun goes to rest.

The myth has it own symbolism that are embedded in the unconscious mind and reflecting the experience of he people. The Sun symbolizes the creator, the provident Father who endowed man with physical immortality. The Hyena is the traitor and tempter that makes the experience of physical immortality to be a nightmare. The Mole symbolizes the painful experience of guilty conscience. The symbolism of these themes took place in the unconscious mind of our primordial ancestors.

Christians are encouraged to read the bible with faith, piety and prayers for spiritual nourishment of the soul. The author of Genesis chapter three who is referred to as “inspired” is one of the primitive societies influenced by the mythical structures of the ancient civilization. The Hebrew author with no exception and needles to say was influenced by the collective unconsciousness shared universally by the primitive societies.

The Christian accepts literally that the narrative in Genesis chapter three that took place at one time in space reflects a historical and true account. The fall of Adam and Eve is a myth, and a myth in the usual name, refers to a story which is not based on historical fact or natural explanation.

The themes emphasized by the Hebrew author are not different from those emphasized by the Imenti primordial ancestors. God is the bestower of physical immortality to Adam and Eve. Satan is the betrayer, the tempter who makes physical immortality an eternal nightmare. Guilty conscience made Eve to blame the serpent and in turn Adam blamed Eve. In the end Adam and Eve are expelled from the Garden of Eden, they lost paradise; and were condemned to languish in pain and misery.

The concept of salvation history developed gradually focusing on the messiah that would make it possible to regain the lost paradise and regain the lost physical immortality.

In his attempt to give meaning to experience, the primitive man used myth as a mode of communicating the meaning he attributes to existence. Myth is an archetype, an ideal model portraying man’s abomination of death and his intrinsic desire, his destiny of physical immortality.




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