or officially the Argentine Republic
(La RepÃºblic Argentina),
is the second largest country in South America with a
population of over 40 million. It is a
Spanish-speaking nation in the southern region of South America,
to the south and west, and Brazil,
and Uruguay to
the north. Its capital is Buenos
official language of Argentina
is Spanish. Like many countries in South
was once part of the Spanish empire, and gained independence in 1816. This allowed for the Spanish influence, and
the dominance of Spanish as the language spoken by the majority of Argentineans.
is the 31st most populous country in the world, and the 4th
most populous Spanish-speaking nation. Argentina
has a population of approximately 40,134,425 people.
has historically attracted a large group of immigrants to fuel economic
investment. This has led to a vast
number of different ethnic groups to reside in Argentina. About 86.4% of the population is of White
European descent, mainly Spanish and Italian.
8% of the population is Mestizo (a mix of European and native
ancestry). 4% of the population is Asian
(including Arab, South Asian, and East Asian).
1.6% of Argentina's
population identify themselves as Amerindian or of native ancestry.
has a total land area of approximately 2,766,892.2 square kilometers
(1,068,302.7 square miles). It is the
eighth-largest country in regards to land area, and the largest
Spanish-speaking country when referring to land area. Argentina
can be divided into four regions:
3. Gran Chaco
4. Andes Mountain Range
also has a coastline along the Atlantic Ocean of 4,665
kilometers (2,899 miles). It is also home to
highest point in the Western hemisphere and Southern hemisphere is also located
in Argentina. This is known as Cerro Aconcagua, and it is
6,692 meters (22,841 feet) above sea level.
The lowest point in South America-Laguna del CarbÃ³n
is also located in Argentina. It is -105 meters (-344 feet) below sea
government structure based on the multiparty system, and Argentina
is considered to be a representative democratic republic. The separation of the government branches-executive,
legislative, and judicial-is enshrined in the constitution for both the federal
and provincial levels.
President of Argentina is the head of state and head of the government.
has twenty-three provinces (provincias), and an Autonomous City. Due to the fostering of economic integration
and development, all of the Argentine provinces (except for Buenos
Aires province) have formed federated regions: Center
Region, Patagonic Region, New Cuyo Region, and the Argentine Greater North
currency used in Argentina
is the peso. The peso is divided into