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August 26 - This Day In History

By Edited Nov 13, 2013 0 0

Read what happened on August 26 throughout History

 1346 – The Battle of Crecy. 

This battle took place in Northern France.  It was the English, under Edward III of England against the French, led by Philip VI of France.  The English were completely outnumbered, anywhere from 2 to 1 up to 6 to 1, depending on the source.  Here was the first real introduction of the use of cannon.  It also pitted the English Longbow against the French crossbow.  The English completely won the day.  France ended up in turmoil and in 1356 England and France signed the first of several treaties.

 1791 – Both John Fitch and James Rumsey are both granted a federal patent for the steam boat.

Fitch had demonstrated his boat 4 years earlier.  It had an engine that used oars like a paddle.  Rumsey’s used a form of jet propulsion.  Both of the men approached George Washington about their ideas and he wrote about it in a letter to Thomas Johnson in 1787.  But Fulton is the person credited with the steamboat’s invention, as he was able to make a success with it commercially.

 1920 – Federal Government declares the 19th Amendment incorporated into the Constitution of the United States

The 19th Amendment prohibited anyone from being denied the right to vote because of sex.  This amendment was first introduced in 1878 by Susan B Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.  The Senate rejected it in 1887.  It then stalled with nothing really happening until 1920 when states started granting full rights to women.  It was re-introduced in 1914 and again failed to pass.  The bill is introduced several more times, each time failing narrowly.  It was finally passed in 1919.  States quickly ratified the bill, with Tennessee became the last state needed to gain the bill the needed number  All other states eventually ratified the bill.

 1957 - Soviet news, ITARS-TASS announces that several days before, Russia had performed a successful test of an ICBM. 

ICBMs, or Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles, were first introduced by the Germans in World War II to bomb Britain and Belgium.   Both the Soviets and US captured scientists working on the German program and took them away to accelerate their own programs.  The USA wouldn’t have a fully successful launch until 2 years later in 1959.

 1978 – Pope John Paul I is elected pope. 

His reign is one of the shortest in history, at 33 days.  He ties Benedict V, who also served 33 days, for 10th place.  Nine popes had shorter reigns with Urban Vii in the 1500s reigning for 13 days but dying before his coronation. 

Pope John Paul I was born on October 17, 1912, making him the first pope born in the 20th century.  He was also the last pope to die in the 20th century, as his successor died in 2005.    Even though he served only 33 days, he is known for several items.  He was the first pope to speak saying “I” instead of “We”.  He was the first to refuse the sedia gestatoria, the portable throne, a sedan like chair that used to carry the Pope, to enable the crowds to see him as the moves through them.  He later relented on this.  As a bishop, he submitted a report condoning the contraceptive pill recently invented.  The Humanae Vitae later released continued to condemn the use of  birth control.  He supported the encyclical in public.

 2005 – Hurricane Katrina moves onshore in Florida as a Category 1 hurricane and while over land weakens to a Tropical Storm. 

Later that day she moves into the Gulf of Mexico and strengthens to a Category 2 Hurricane. Eventually she would be one of the sixth strongest storm in recorded history.  She will devastate New Orléans, and be one of the five deadliest storms in US history.



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