Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter(LES)opens and does not close properly causing the stomach contents to rise up the esophagus.
The esophagus is the tube that takes food to the stomach.The LES is the ring of muscle that acts like a valve between the esophagus and the stomach.When acid reflux occurs, the individual can taste the food or fluid in the back of the mouth.
However, it is normal but if there is persistent reflux more than twice a week then that is considered G E R D. It can lead to more complicated health problems.
G E R D mucosa lining presentation
Signs and symptoms
A burning sensation in the lower part of the mid-chest,behind the breast born and in the mid abdomen.
In advanced stages, difficulties to keep food down and may result in dental erosion
Difficulties in swallowing or Asthma symptoms,dry cough.
The actual cause of G E R D is not known but there are underlying factors like:-
- Food allergies but with no scientific back up so far.
- Acidic foods
- round meat
- Chicken nuggets
- Mexican food
- Raw onions and garlic
- Sour cream
- Ice cream
- Butter cookies
- Corn chips
- Sodas with caffeine
- Macaroni with cheese
- Spaghetti with sauce
- Salad dressings with oil and vinegar
This is categorized into three:-
- Life style modification
- Dietary modification
-Avoid eating foods that make it worse especially on an empty stomach. Eat at least 2-3 hours before going to bed.
-Maintain a normal body weight.
Life style modification:-
-Avoid tight fitting clothes for around the abdominal cavity for the obese individuals
-Sleep on your left side of the body and while elevating the head,chest higher than the lower part of the body.
-There are many over the counter Antacids that can relief heart burn but those that are Calcium hydroxide based work excellently and the Aluminum hydroxide ones are known to increase the acidity of the stomach.
-Alginic acid or Gaviscon works well because it cots the mucosa,increases the PH or stomach alkalinity and relieves pain
-During pregnacy,Antacids like Ranitidine is commonly prescribed.
-Surgery might also be the only solution in other cases.
These tips have worked for many,if put to great use. It's a gradual process.