Australia is approximately the same size as the 48 mainland states in the USA and 50 percent larger than Europe which makes it the sixth largest country in the world it also has the lowest population density in the world with an average of only two people per square kilometre.


The coastline in Australia stretches for almost 50,000 kilometres and is joined by well over 10,000 beaches, more than any other country in the world.


More than 85% of Australians live within 50 kilometres of the coast which makes the beach a very important part of their lifestyle.


Australia is the only nation to govern an entire continent it is also the largest island in the world but the smallest and flattest continent.


Australia produces and exports 95% of the world's precious opals and 99% of the rare black opals. Most of the opals come from the underground town of Coober Pedy in South Australia. The world’s largest opal was found here in 1990 weighing in at an impressive 5.27 kilograms.


Australia's 85.7 million sheep produce most of the world's wool. With 25.4 million cattle, Australia is also the world's largest beef exporter.


Australia is home the world's largest oyster (weighing up to 3 kilograms), longest earthworm (stretching up to 4 metres) and heaviest crab (weighing up to 14 kilograms)!


The highest mountain on the huge continent is Mount Kosciusszko at a height of 2,228 metres above sea level.


The world's longest stretch of straight railway line is found in South Australia and runs for 478 kilometres without any bends or corners. The longest stretch of straight road is on the Eyre Highway in Western Australia and is 148 kilometres in length. The world's longest continuous fence, known as the dingo fence, was built to keep sheep safe from the Australian native dog, the dingo and runs for 5,531 kilometres through Queensland and South Australia.


There are an estimated 40 million kangaroos in Australia. This is more than there was when the country was first settled.


Native Aboriginal people  are believed to be the world's oldest civilization and have lived on the continent for over 50,000 years. They invented the boomerang, they were the first society to ground edges on stone cutting tools and the first to use stone tools to grind seeds.


Australian inventions include things like the surf lifesaving reel, notepads, aspirin, the pacemaker, penicillin, Hills Hoist clothesline, plastic disposable syringes, wine casks, the bionic ear, dual flush toilet and long-wearing contact lenses.