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Bangladesh

By Edited Apr 26, 2014 0 0

Dhaka
The official name of this small country in South Asia is the People's Republic of Bangladesh. It is completely bordered by India except on the south side. On the southeast it borders with Burma, and a section on the south borders with the Bay of Bengal. The region of Bengal is comprised of Bangladesh and West Bengal. Bangladesh literally stands for the "Country of Bengal." The name of the capital is Dhaka. A large portion of the country is located on delta's flowing from the Himalayas, the Ganges and Jamuna, the main channel of the Brahmaputra, joins together and is penetrated by the Meghna which empties into the Bay of Bengal. Other principal rivers there are the Padma, Madhumati, Surma, and Kushiara. The official language is Bangla, however, English is frequently spoken and understood there.

The climate is tropical monsoon with mild winters. They have droughts and cyclones. There they experience hot humid summers and June to October they have warm rainy monsoon. A lot of people there are not landowners and their livelihood depends on cultivating crops in flood plane areas. There are water borne diseases infesting these waters, as well as, water pollution from commercial pesticides, and unacceptable naturally occurring arsenic levels. Their infectious diseases include aids, hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever, dengue fever, malaria, leptospirosis, rabies, and avian influenza.

Their struggle to gain independence has been a long and painful battle. In the 16th century trading post were set up by the Europeans. Dominating the area, the British made the region part of the British India. West Pakistan and East Bengal were primarily made up of Muslims. India's population consisted mostly of Hindus. Although divided they joined together to form the country of Pakistan in 1947. In 1955, East Bengal became East Pakistan and after the nine month War of Independence in 1971, it separated from West Pakistan and became Bangladesh. It was also in this year that the mass genocide of the Bengalis was committed, and even though it is widely disputed as to the number of people that were exterminated, there was anywhere from 10-20 million refugee displaced in Bangladesh. In January 2007, an the military regime suspending parliamentary election in an attempt to root out corruption, and by December 2008 Sheikh HASINA Wajed was re-elected as Prime Minister during a peaceful election.

Today 98% of the population are Bengalis who speak Bengali and 250,000 more are Biharis. The remaining million are made up of tribes including the Chakma. Eighty three percent are Islam making Bangladesh one of the largest Muslim countries in the world. Sixteen percent are Hindu, and the rest Christians, mostly Roman Catholics, and Buddhist. Bangla is the official language. They have a rich academic culture comprised of poetry, music, and literature. Their language has been enriched by different dialects including Sylhet, Chittagong, Noakhali, and English. The minorities are the non-Bengali Muslim Biharis refugees. They speak Urdu. Most of the rest of the tribal population are Buddhist and live in the Chittagong Hills. Most of them are of the Sino-Tibetan descent. Their entire culture is different than any other in Bangladesh, and they speak Tibetan-Burman language. The 4 major tribes are the Chakmas, Marmas, Tipperas, and the Mros. They mostly intermingle, but the Chakmas and Marmas live in the highland valleys.

Bangladesh celebrates two major festivals and three national holidays. The two major festivals are nabonno, or the festival of the new harvest, and pawhela boishAkh, or the Bengal New Year. The national holidays are Independence Day, Victory Day, and Language Martyr's Day. The Muslims celebrate the festival of the two Eids, the month of Ramadan, Shab-e-Qadr, and Shab-e-Barat . The Hindus celebrate Durga Puja, Kali Puja and Janmastami. Buddho Purnima is celebrated by the Buddhist, and Christmas by the Christians. There are more celebrations recognized other than the aforementioned by the Bangladesh people.

Bangladesh is a riverine nation surrounded by breathtaking sailboats. If you visit the capital in Dhaka, there stands the Lalbagh Fort which is picturesque, but incomplete. It was begun by Prince Azam in 1678, and his son Prince Khan never completed due to grief over the death of his daughter. Within its walls is a Mosque, Audience Hall, and a Mausoleum of Bibi Pari, Khans daughter. The hub of the city is Chowk Bazaar which consist of tightly twisting roads and tall buildings filled with shops on the bottom floors. Within the street are roadside peddlers with pushcart and pedestrians everywhere. The city contains a vast amount of rich architecture from the Kamlapur Railway Station to the National Parliament Jatiyo Shongshod. The largest Buddhist house south of the Himalayas is located in the Northern Division of Rajshahi. Then there is the Khulna Division that is home to the Royal Bengal Tiger. A tour would not be complete without visiting the Chittagong Division that lays claim to the world's longest beach.

Resources:

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bg.html

http://www.virtualbangladesh.com/bd_eco.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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