Diabetes mellitus is a clinical state where there is an increase in the blood sugar contents, medically addressed as blood sugar levels. Your body normally maintains a regular blood glucose level through a number of different hormones and chemicals. Insulin, produced in the pancreas, is the primary hormone in this situation. Problems in the pancreas can put a halt to the production of the required quantities of insulin, or cause your body to use it improperly. This situation can result in diabetes mellitus. Sometimes, the body will develop a resistance to insulin resulting in diabetes mellitus complications.
One of the most common diabetes mellitus complications is a situation known as hyperglycemia, which manifests itself through a number of symptoms. Among these symptoms are increased thirst, vision problems, changes in metabolism, sudden weight loss, tiredness and frequent urination. An imbalance of blood glucose can trigger severe effects like ketoacidosis that may lead to nausea, vomiting, fainting, possible coma, and hypoglycemia. There are many risk factors that come with diabetes such as kidney failure, damage of the retinas that can lead to blindness, and a higher likelihood of heart disease.
To stave off these diabetes mellitus complications, you can be treated with insulin that you inject into your bloodstream. With this form of diabetes treatment, diabetics usually use a portable meter to check their blood sugar levels with just a small bit of blood. When you notice a reading showing that blood sugar levels have varied from normal, you will take an insulin injection to correct the problem.
There are different types of diabetes, not merely a single condition. Type 1 diabetes develops when the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas stop working effectively. There really isn't a way to stop yourself from getting type 1 diabetes. The fact is that quite a few healthy people wind up being diagnosed with this condition and suffering various diabetes mellitus complications.
The more common form of diabetes mellitus, Type 2, is significantly different from Type 1. This condition is often related to being overweight, having bad eating habits and an inactive lifestyle. Your system slows down the production of insulin, while it also develops a resistance to it. Changing your lifestyle is the first thing to do when you notice the initial symptoms, which are generally mild. Gestational diabetes, another form of diabetes, sometimes occurs in women who are pregnant, but it is usually no longer a concern after the birth of the baby.
With some knowledge and vigilance, diabetes mellitus complications can be kept at bay and you can enjoy a normal, healthy life in all aspects.