Although bed bugs are more likely to be found in dirty environments and where crowded living conditions are present, they can also appear in even the cleanest of homes. They are not harmful, although their bites can be an annoyance and it is possible for the bitten area to become infected. Bed bugs love warm and damp environments, such as carpets, bedding and mattresses. They can also often be found in wooden furniture and behind the wallpaper. 

How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs

Perhaps the simplest and most effective bed bugs treatment is vacuuming, although it does have to be done thoroughly by having every nook and cranny cleaned. It will also be necessary to immediately empty the vacuum cleaner when finished and clean it out. Otherwise, the tiny pests will be back if removal is not timely and immediate.


Just as effective as vacuuming is steam cleaning, which will will also kill bed bugs.

Bed Bugs Treatment
Credit: Medill DC

Bed bugs thrive in mattresses, especially those that are older and dirty. Also, if they are present in a mattress, one effective bed bugs treatment method is to buy a mattress encasement. This is designed to zip up and completely enclose the mattress, which has the effect of starving the pests of food and eventually killing them. One disadvantage with this method is that it can take up to several months to kill all the bugs and completely eliminate the problem.


Some insecticides can also be used to treat mattresses and bedding and will kill any bugs.

Keep a Clean Home

One of the best ways to prevent new bugs, as well as kill any that are already present, is to simply keep the home as clean and tidy as possible. This means cleaning any wooden floors and surfaces at least bi-weekly, and blocking up any small holes or cracks in the walls, floor or around pipes, to prevent bugs from entering the home. 

Fogging can also help to some extent, although it may just have the effect of driving the bed bugs into another part of the home. For this reason, use of fogging or a bed bug spray is most effective when used in combination with other methods.

Although bed bugs are not harmful, they can be a nuisance and many people wrongly feel that their home is filthy if they see any bugs. The above bed bugs treatment methods should help to eliminate the problem. Fortunately, if all else fails, an exterminator can also be called in as a last resort.