Bed bugs have, historically, been a large problem throughout the world. At some points in history they were just accepted or a days hard work was put into trying to get rid of them with lots of hot water. However, with the creation of DDT the bed bug population declined. This harsh chemical was often used to get rid of all sorts of bugs. It was extremely effective, but it was also dangerous for other animals, for people, and for the environment. It was banned in the US and as a result bed bug infestations have been on the rise. The biggest problem is that there aren't any really effective chemicals that work at getting rid of bed bugs and keeping them away for good. You do, however, have some options. Using them in combination with other extermination methods should be effective as long as you are patient and persevere.

Borax is a natural ingredient that actually cuts small slices into insect bodies and causes them to dry out from the inside out. It is fairly safe for humans to deal with as well. It can and does cause skin irritation so it can not be placed on ones bed and it should never be put in an area where a child or a pet may consume it. With that in mind, it can be sprinkled along the floors edge behind the bed, the dresser, and other furniture. Borax also sticks to the bed bugs legs and they will take it back to the nest with them infecting other bed bugs.

Diatomaceous Earth.
Another natural and effective thing to use against bed bugs is diatomaceous earth. This isn't really a chemical because it is made from a ground up stone called a diatomite. This powder works in a similar manner to borax, but it is safe for your and children as well. It can and does cause skin irritation, so it is a good idea to avoid touching it or putting it in areas that you will come in contact with. It too can be sprinkled along the base boards, around the posts of your bed and other furniture, and even between the mattress and box springs. Many bed bug powders contain diatomaceous earth. It may be called "fossil shell mix" or "natural dirt" or even "sand mix". Some are mixed with chemicals or cinnamon and cloves. Don't pay extra for diatomaceous earth in a fancy package.

Kills On Contact.
When you are looking at purchasing chemicals that get rid of bed bugs you need to figure out what you are really buying. Many of them don't get rid of bed bugs, don't cause bed bugs to die when they cross the dried path, or other interesting things. Instead, they kill on contact. This means that when you see a bed bug you can spray the chemical on it and it will kill it. However, this isn't the most effective method for getting rid of bed bugs and many of these sprays should never be used on your bed or bedding.

Sprays, Powders, and Aerosols.
There are a huge variety of chemicals on the market. They come in sprays, powders, and aerosols. Using a variety is often your best bet. Consider the following:

  • You should use powders around the bed legs, along the base boards, under furniture, and around other potential hiding places. Make sure that they are not in areas that your children or pets are likely to find unless you are using diatomaceous earth.
  • Sprays and aerosols are useful in getting into cracks and crevices. You should spray the outlets, around the face plates, down along the edge of the base boards, your bed frame and any cracks or crevices that are there. You should also spray neighboring furniture in the cracks and crevices.
  • It is important that you don't put chemicals on your bed or bed unless they say that they can be safely put there. If the label says nothing about it then it is important that you don't put it in your bed. Using chemicals where you sleep is often dangerous, but it s particularly dangerous in your bed.
  • Because bed bugs are hearty, resistant, and difficult to kill it is often best if you use more than one type of chemical. Your best approach will be a combination of different chemicals and or methods to get rid of them.

Chemicals Aren't Likely To Work Alone.
In order to get rid of bed bugs you need a large variety of attack measures. You can't just put down a few chemicals and hope that you get the job done. It is often best to use a variety of chemicals and it is even better to make sure that you are also doing the other things that will get rid of the bed bugs. Check out Do It Yourself Bed Bug Extermination to find out more about the variety of things that you should be doing to get rid of the bugs in your home. Even if you are having an exterminator come to do the chemical portion of bed bug elimination it is best if you work on doing the other things so that you can get rid of the bed bugs.

Lengthy Treatment.
It should also be noted that even professional exterminators often have to come back again and again. Researchers have found that it can take as many as four or five harsh and thorough treatments to get rid of bed bugs. With this in mind it is important that you create a plan, stick to it, and keep up with it for a long period of time so that you can get rid of them. With thorough and careful treatment it will take at least six to eight weeks. However, it may take as much as three months. If you fail to keep at it you will likely deal with them a lot longer and many report that their bed bug infestations lasted a year to two and a half years. It is important that you don't take any breaks and that you don't wait and see how it goes.

Bed bugs are terrible little buggers. It takes a lot of work to get rid of them. However, if you work hard and you keep working at it consistently then you will find that you can get rid of the bed bugs and you can keep them from coming back.