Binge eating disorder and compulsive overeating disorder are eating disorders in which people eat excessive amounts of food. Both disorders have similar symptoms but vary slightly.
Binge eating disorder involves frequent periods of uncontrollable binge eating without purging. Some of the symptoms of the disorder involve obesity and binging episodes followed by feelings of guilt and depression. Other symptoms include eating quickly and until physically uncomfortable. People with the disorder commonly eat alone even when eating normally. They tend to binge two or more times a week. Amazingly people with the disorder do not fantasize about food but in fact many have very negative feelings about food. Binge eating disorder is a psychological addiction to eating large amounts of food. The body does not actually need such amounts of but the person ingests such large amounts of food because of a psychological problem.
Psychological problems are usually the cause of binge eating disorder. Though the cause of the disorder is not known, there are a lot of psychological or emotional complications that can cause the disorder. Being angry, sad, bored, or worried can cause a binging episode to ignite. It is unknown if binge eating disorder is caused by depression or if people get depressed after getting the disorder. Dieting can also be a large cause of the disorder. Binging episodes are known to happen during a failing diet or after they have decided the diet has failed, this leads to a chain of diet failure which can cause the binging to get worse over time.
Compulsive overeating disorder is very similar to Binge eating disorder. Compulsive over eaters also binge eat several times a week. Unlike binge eaters, compulsive over eaters fantasize about food or constantly think about eating or secretly planning to eat alone. Rather then eating large amounts of food at once people with the disorder also tend to eat small amounts of food all day, adding up to a colossal amount of calories. People with the disorder also do not try and compensate for their eating, unlike bulimia they do not purge or abuse laxatives.
Compulsive eating disorder is also caused by emotional or psychological problems. Generally people with the disorder tend to use food as a drug to keep them happy. They have very low self esteem and have overwhelming shame and depression. The disorder is most likely started in childhood when we get our eating habits. The lack of the ability to deal with painful emotions leads them to eat and use food as a way to block out the pain. Compulsive eating can lead to dieting as a way to deal with the
increasing weight. This can cause an unending cycle of dieting and binging, furthering the feelings of shame, self loathing, and depression. Sexual abuse is also a major cause of overeating. The food helps them blot out the pain and they feel as though being overweight will make them less attractive and therefor less likely to be abused again.
Both disorders can lead to serious health problems as the disorders get more and more severe. Overeating will usually lead to being overweight, though there are people with either disorder who are not overweight they can still have serious health problems. Also not everyone who is overweight has
Binge eating disorder or is a compulsive eater. Other health effects from compulsive eating include high cholesterol, diabetes, heart disease, hypertension and clinical depression. Long-term effects are kidney disease, arthritis, bone deterioration and stroke.
Roughly 2 percent of all adults in America have binge eating disorder, this is almost 4 million Americans. Severely obese people are more likely to have this disorder, though 10-15 percent of mildly obese people may have it. People with the disorder tend to not get all of the vitamins and minerals that are needed by the body, because they tend to eat more sugars and fats. This gives them a poor immune system leading them to be commonly sick. They also have a high chance of getting type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, gallbladder disease, heart disease, and certain types of cancer.
Both disorders carry many similar social affects. People with both disorders tend to eat alone
even when not binging or eating large amounts of food, generally avoiding eating in public in general. Due to most people with either disorder means that being excessively overweight they don't have many friends and therefor usually have extremely low self esteem. Most are completely aware of their
unusual eating habits and do such good jobs of covering up their eating habits that close friends and family members do not know about their abnormal eating habits. People who binge generally hide food in random places such as in their room or car. Hiding your addiction is common in most addiction as it is found on people with alcoholics as well as people addicted to certain foods such as chocolate.
Some common symptoms of both disorders include eating uncontrollably even when not hungry, eating faster then normal, eating until physically uncomfortable, eating alone because of embarrassment, a constant feeling of guilt because of overeating, being preoccupied with body weight, having more mood swings then normal, having a constantly changing weight or weight fluctuation, commonly not taking part in activity because of embarrassment over weight, history of chains of unsuccessful diets, and maintaining a high body weight when not being seen eating in public. Binge eating can develop into bulimia nervosa as a way to counteract the weight gain.
Treating binge eating disorder and compulsive eating disorder is not a simple task. There is no medication for such a disorder, as it is completely emotional and psychological. People with this disorder should meet with a psychiatrist, psychologist, or clinical social worker whether they want to lose weight or not. A professional will be able to help with the overeating or binging problems. For those who are overweight may want to also join a professional weight loss program rather then a try a fad diet. It is nearly impossible to learn to control it on your own so going through a program built specifically for the disorder is your best option. Learning new ways to deal with your stress and emotions is also important to purging this eating disorder from your way of life.
A binge according to Funk and Wagnalls dictionary is a drunken carousal(Funk and Wagnalls), this can be perceived as to lose control, therefor binge eating means to eat without control. Both binge eating disorder and compulsive eating disorder are very dangerous disorders and should be thought of as such. If a friend or family member has such a disorder you should seek help for them.