The binge overeating disorder is a disease where one compulsively and uncontrollably eats large quantities of food. Unlike Bulimia, people with this disorder do not vomit food after purging, thus leading to obesity and a negative self image. The binge eating disorder is defined as one who has two or more binge episodes per week for at least six months. The exact cause of this sickness is undiscovered, but there are things that are commonly associated with binging that are labeled as possible causes. Compulsive Overeating has negative physical, mental and societal effects, from the tremendous weight gain, depression and loss of friends that come from binging. If the problem gets extreme, one must see a doctor to undergo treatment and start on a regulated diet. There are symptoms that lead to binging, and by knowing the symptoms one can help prevent it.
The exact cause of binge eating is unknown, yet a lot of the time there are things that come along with binge eating that people associate as the cause of the disease. One's mental and social health, as well as their method of dealing with stress, are all key to their chances with compulsive overeating. If he/she has had recent experience with depression, and emotions and anxiety had overtaken him/her, all of the hard feeling might lead to eat more. Food may become a way to deal with stress, and eating more food could become the answer to the problems with depression. Exclusion from one's social nature, possibly from depression over, but not excluding a recent or ongoing problems with a relationship, or trouble with friends or coworkers/bosses, these can all lead to stress. The great ammount of stress comes with the side effects of a modern fast-paced society is too much for some people to deal with, and for some, the only alternative or way out of the situation is to use food as a drug and eat to attempt to relieve stress. This idea gets subconsciously engrained into the mind of this person to eat whenever stressed, even if not physically hungry, until uncomfortably full. Due to the quickness of people's lives today, one may be compelled to eat more quickly and rapidly than usual, to try and kill stress before the day's next stressful event.
The effects of
binge overeating are widely varied, but are always negative. It can
start with simple effects like depression, apathy, guilt, and of
course obesity. At first the effects are much like the symptoms that
initially caused eating, thus spinning the person in an endless cycle
of eating and psychological warfare that becomes extremely hard to
stop. Eating will cause the anxiety and stress, which is dealt with
by more eating. It is this reason why this disorder is so deadly. If
it is ignored, the effects can be devastating. The health effects
that come from compulsive eating include: Menstrual irregularities,
Diabetes, High blood pressure, High cholesterol, Osteoartheritis,
Decreased Mobility, Shortness of breath, Heart disease, Liver and
kidney problems, and cardiac arrest and/or death.
Binge eating is treated in both psychological and medical ways. The patient is taught how to eat, when to eat, to eat in measured amounts, and to keep track of their eating habits. Instead of eating constantly, taught to eat during certain times of the day, and to eat slowly and mannerly instead of eating quickly and shoving food down the body and offsetting the digestion process. Commonly the intake of food is monitored to show progress, and point out improvement in obesity, as well as to show how the patient's diet may be rearranged for optimum health dietary status. There is also a branch of treatment called interpersonal psychotherapy, where the patient examines personal relationships and social status to make repairs to places in his/her social life that may be broken because of the negative side effects of the binge overeating disease that makes one shy away from social encounters. ("Binge eating disorder") Patients recovering from binge overeating disease also are treated with medical supplements in addition to their psychological treatments and exercises/practices. Initially, the patient is put on antidepressants to help them regain control over emotions. Next they are put under a drug called anorexics, which are appetite suppressants, which help control the constant desire to eat. The patient is also encouraged, and helped to gain a high(er) self esteem, because a low self-esteem, or the feeling that one is not adequate or up to par with his/her peers is the driving force of all eating disorders.
Losing weight is not the biggest problem with overcoming the binge overeating disease. The main problem is the mental side effects that come with it. When one is overweight, the mental stress wears them down so much that it is very hard to deal with, and out of instinct a person eats more to try and relieve the stress of being depressed. Losing weight is a mind over body situation. One must start to take on a positive outlook before they can ever start to lose weight, because an overeater will never lose weight as fast as he/she wants to. The key to recovering from this disease is for someone to start thinking positive, and know that no matter how much they weigh, it is still key to not get depressed based off of weight. Control over state of mind is key, and for many weight watchers it is very hard, because they already have a low self esteem, most likely from being criticized their whole life. It is this reason why support and encouragement from friends and family, good friends, involvement in social groups, physical exercise, and other things that stimulate mental health, are key to overcoming obesity.
Binge eating disorders can have a very negative effect on a person and can destroy all forms of relationships. If you or someone you know may have a eating disorder it is important for you to seek information and help immediately. It is also very important to remember that obesity isn't the only problem that can be caused by a binge eating disorder.