Birds classified as Aves have been around since prehistoric times. It is believed that they evolved from dinosaurs. According to Wikipedia they are described as winged, two legged vertebrate animals that lay eggs. There are over 10,000 living species of birds that inhabit the globe. Birds are a vary diverse group with specimens that range in size from 2 inches (the Bee Humming bird) to about 10 ft (the Ostrich)! Modern birds have feathers, a beak and lay hard shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate and a four chambered heart much like ours. Their beaks are as widely diversified as their sizes and range from long narrow spears for getting nectar from flowers to spoon bills for scooping up fishes to the large hooked beak of eagles for grasping and tearing flesh.

The first known prehistoric bird was the Archaeopteryx which was believed to have originated from the Theropod dinosaurs somewhere in the Jurassic period (100-200 million years ago), even though there is no direct evidence to show the progression from one type to the next. Because of this, there remains some controversy over how these birds came to become birds from the otherwise flightless dinosaurs.

flightless prehistoric birdpterodactylpterodactyl2flighted prehistoric bird

From the flightless birds evolved the flighted dinosaurs such as the one we often heard about as children the Pterodactyl and eventually feathered birds such as shown below.
We continue to have living evidence of this progression in our giant flightless birds such as the Cassowary, the Emu and the Ostrich(shown below).

flightless cassawary birdemuostrich
From these humble roots evolved a myriad of bird types that we commonly see today from the humble Parakeet to the giant Mac Caws there is not one square inch of land or sea surface on this planet that has not had a birds shadow cast upon it.
american goldfinchscarlet mccawblue footed boobyred tailed hawk
Birds have adapted to the various environments across the world and as such they have also developed highly specialized beaks.

bird beaksEach beak is it's own unique adaptation to help the bird survive in the ecologic niche that it lives in. As you can see from the graphic above there is a wide variety of adaptations. This depiction is in no way complete in it's display of different bird beaks but it serves to show a wide adaptation.
Each adaptation helps the particular bird find and consume the food source for which it depends on.

Nature is amazing in it's diversity of life and the class Aves is the most diverse of all her creations!