Finding blood in the stool of your pet cat can be a symptom of several diseases. However, spotting it is usually hard and almost unnoticeable. Determining other symptoms that go along with bloody fecal material can help you diagnose it.
Symptoms that May Signify Blood in Cat Stool
For easier detection and diagnosis, there are a number of more obvious symptoms that accompany this condition. A cat can suffer from frequent drinking and urination, vomiting, weight loss, lack of appetite and lethargy. These symptoms manifest on a case-to-case basis, but if they do, then your cat most probably has a serious health issue that needs to be addressed immediately.
If your cat has these symptoms, don’t be surprised if you find a bloody stool. Observe your cat’s bowel movements for the next few days. If the fecal material returns to normal after one to two days, then there’s nothing to worry about. However, if the situation becomes chronic and your cat begins to defecate frequently with traces of blood, schedule an appointment with the vet immediately.
Location of Bleeding
According to veterinarians, the color of the blood helps pinpoint the exact location of the bleeding. Dark-colored blood, which is older blood, signifies upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Meanwhile, bright red blood means bleeding must have occurred in the rectum or lower intestines. Before taking your pet cat to the clinic, find out whether its blood is dark or bright to help the vet make a preliminary diagnosis.
Once preliminary observation has been taken into account, the vet will have to conduct a number of physical and blood tests to find out the cause of your cat’s bloody stool. It is also helpful if you bring a sample of your cat’s recent stool for comparative testing.
Expect the vet to examine the rectal area and conduct blood chemistry profiling. However, in serious cases, X-rays, ultrasounds or colonoscopy (internal examination of the colon) may be required.
Possible Causes of Blood in Stool of Cats and Treatments
Much like bloody stools in humans, the same condition for cats can be caused by a number of cases, from simple infections to tumors to abnormal tissue formation to cancer. Here are some symptoms you can look out for:
Constipation. When a cat is constipated, it cannot release the waste inside its body. Thus, the dry, hardened stool can agitate the rectum and cause bleeding. When this occurs, vets can administer feline enema, a process wherein liquids are introduced into the rectum and colon. Switching to a high-fiber diet can also minimize the chances of recurrence.
Impacted Anal Sacs. When you notice your pet cat rubbing its rear more often than usual, then it may be suffering from impacted anal sacs. This occurs when they are unable to empty their sacs which contains thick and foul-smelling material. This can cause an abscess or rectal bleeding. If the condition is chronic, owners may opt to have their pet’s sacs completely removed through a surgical procedure called anal sacculectomy.
Trauma or Injury. Cats are usually calm and elegant but can be feisty and aggressive when agitated. They also often get into fights with other animals, causing trauma. Trauma to the anal region or a fractured pelvis can cause blood in stools of cats. It can also occur during a simple health care exam or enema.
Poisoning. Rat poisons use a chemical compound that affects your cat’s blood clotting factors. Lethargy, vomiting and anal bleeding are the usual symptoms of poisoning. If your cat has these symptoms, immediate care is needed.
Aside from these conditions, there are still other diseases that can cause the appearance of blood in stools of cats. Contact your vet to know more about them.