Bonsai trees are not actually trees.  Bonsai is a Japanese term which is made up of two words, “bon” and “sai”. Bon means planting in a tray or a low sided pot and sai means a planting or plantings. When these two words are put together the translation is “tray growing” or “tray planting.” Thus bonsai is an art form of growing many species of miniature plants and trees in containers.  This art form is no longer confined to the Asian continent, and ispopular around the globe.

Also of interest is the fact that bonsai tree plantations first began in China. The bonsai tree plantation was first initiated by the Chinese in the 2nd century A.D. during the Han period. But the art of planting was perfected by the Japanese who took it to the rest of the world. Today, however bonsai trees are recognized as a Japanese system of growing stunted plants. These plants are not genetically modified in any way.

The purpose of bonsai trees is primarily aesthetic value, along with a pleasant exercise of effort and ingenuity. Bonsais are not cultivated for the production of food, for medicine, or for creating park-sized gardens or landscapes. Bonsai tree cultivation focuses on long-term care and shaping of one or more small trees growing in a container. In short, bonsai trees are generally grown for longevity and for promoting greenery in our surroundings.

The bonsai trees come in many varieties. The common varieties of bonsai trees that are planted by nature lovers include pine, azalea, camellia, bamboo and plum. The price range s from $50 to $400. What you choose to grow will depend on your personal style and passion for bonsai trees.

Bonsais are usually two to three inches in height. They are grown from the seeds or cuttings from mature plants. The bonsai trees can be kept in small decorative pots. Their size can be controlled with regular pruning of branches and roots. Copper or aluminum flexible wire is generally used on the branches and trunks to get the desired shapes. Over time, different techniques have been used for shaping and five main styles have become popular among the masses. These are upright, informal, slanting style, cascade and semi-cascade.  These plants can live for a very long time and thus become the dear possessions of the families who own one.  

The bonsai trees require a lot maintenance and care. They gardener must keep up a constant vigil to keep the plants hearty. They have to be properly watered. Too much water can kill them and not watering them at all can left these plants withered and dehydrated. The soil has to be changed regularly and proper fertilizers should be used to promote the longevity of the plants.

We can follow the old Japanese proverb for bonsai tree care: “Water three times in a day: once for the pot, once for the soil and once for the tree.” In other words, you water once lightly to allow the pot to get wet. Then you water lightly again so the soil is moistened. Finally, you water to ensure the tree and its roots get the necessary hydration. Therefore, rather than just watering the soil, it is imperative that you go through the three-water rule so the root system gets the perfect amount of water without causing root rot.