Blepharospasm is a condition which causes involuntary contraction of the muscles controlling the eyelids. It can cause several problems in the eyes of the patient as well as being a difficult condition to live with from a social perspective. The cause of blepharospasm is, as of now, un-determined. The condition can be treated in several ways but up until recently none of them could be said to be a cure or even a long term working solution. This is where new treatments with Botox have been found to be effective at controlling the muscle spasms that occur from Blepharospasm.
The symptoms of blepharospasm are excessive blinking or muscle spasms in the area of the eyelids. After time if the condition worses the eyes start to closely entirely, obstructing vision and rendering the person suffering from it effectively blind. The condition makes it difficult to open the eyes in this more serious case, making some kind of treatment necessary. Blepharospasm can cause other parts of the face to spasm as well if it worsens further, so it is better to treat it early on before it becomes worse. The eyes become dry and sensitive to light at the onset of the condition, and it is sometimes diagnosed early on as dry eye or an allergic reaction but in fact is the early stages of Blepharospasm.
The direct cause of the condition is still unknown but there are some different things that are known to induce it more often. Blepharospasm can be caused by some medicines used to treat Parkinson's disease, some hormone treatments, and possibly can be triggered by head trauma. The condition isn't fatal but the effects, especially in later stages, can be dangerous. The person suffering from blepharospasm can suffer from psychological effects as well due to the un-controlled nature of the muscle spasms and sensitivity to light. Many people who have it often start to wear dark sunglasses to cover up the condition and many feel they want to withdraw from social situations to avoid the embarrassment.
Traditional treatments for Blepharospasm depend on the severity of the patient, with many people responding to different kinds of therapy and reporting varied results. Even just massaging the affected areas including the jaw muscles, cheek muscles, and trying to relax the muscles around the eyes has been proven effective, even long-term for some patients. There are drug therapies available but not one has stood as the cure for the condition, with people reporting some positive results from magnesium chloride. For more serious cases, a type of surgery called a myectomy is required, which removes some muscles and nerves from the eyelids and is quite effective in around 80 percent of cases. The latest treatment method is Botox, which for many seems to be the preferred treatment method as it is effective and usually the effects can be seen within a week. Botox works by blocking the signals that make the muscles spasm, with injections into the necessary areas the patient is usually relieved of their muscle spasms for around 3 months before they need another Botox treatment. The Botox treatment is not recommended in all cases, myectomy is needed for more serious cases but for many Botox is the preferred Blepharospasm treatment.