The art of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is a combat sport that centers on grappling and ground fighting of its practitioners. Derived from the Japanese martial art, Kodokan Judo, during the early 20th century, it is a sport included in some moxed martial arts competition or sport grappling tournaments around the world.

The principle of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu instruction is that a smaller and much weaker person is trained to successfully defend himself against opponents who are much bigger by using techniques on leverage and proper techniques on joint-locks, chokeholds, etc.

This martial art first came into prominence when one of its earliest practitioners, Royce Gracie, grabbed the first, second, and fourth places in the Ultimate Fighting Championships. Ever since Gracie's memorable win against his larger opponents, this technique has also been considered as a staple for many martial art fighters who have seen the importance of ground fighting.

The Brazilian Jiu Jitsu instruction focuses on defeating the opponent through the use of ground fighting techniques and submission holds, which comprise of chokeholds and joint locks. The principle of this martial art is that even though larger opponents possess longer reaches and powerful strikes, all of these are negated once the fight is already brought grappling on the ground.

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu basically uses a wide variety of techniques to take the opponent onto the ground in order for the smaller attacker to gain a more suitable position to apply a submission technique and win. Achieving this more dominant position includes the use of the guard position for defense from the bottom, and side control, mount, and back mounts positions to pass the guard and gain the top position.

The submission hold in this sport is the equivalent of the principle of checkmate in other sports. However, there are situations when the fight can still continue even after a proper submission is achieved. Moreover, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu instruction focuses on gaining submissions from its opponents without the use strikes.

This is not seen as a disadvantage for people practicing these martial art fighting techniques because it enables them to train themselves at full speed and effort just like in real competition. The training methods for its instruction includes going into technique drills practiced against a non-resisting partner, isolation sparring, and full sparring.

Isolation sparring involves the use of chosen Jiu Jitsu techniques to make an opponent submit while full sparring makes use of any legal possible technique in order to win.

Another martial arts article i've written - Muay Thai Martial Arts Training.