British Columbia WeatherCredit: javrsmith
British Columbia is a province with extremes in weather. The coastal areas tend to be cool and wet in the winter with rare snow falls. The interior of the province is dry and cold in the winter with temperatures often hitting -40 degrees. Summers on the coast are dry and mild with temperatures rarely exceeding 30C or 90F. The interior is much hotter in the summer with many areas getting days of 33C or 100F and more. Canada’s hot spot is regularly in the small town of Lytton. This area is often above 40C or 104F and was as hot as 44C or 112F in 1941.
In the winter, intense storms often pound the coastal towns along the entire ocean front of the province. Many of these storms contain extremely strong winds, sometimes gusting to 160 kph or 100 mph. Widespread damage and flooding sometimes happens during such storms. Most homes are relatively well constructed so extensive destruction of houses is rare.
Vancouver, BC, Canada
Fishing in BCCredit: javrsmith
There are many angling opportunities in British Columbia virtually everywhere in the province. Whether your favorite fish to catch is salmon, trout, Steelhead or bass, BC is the place for you to go. In addition, there are populations of cod and other sports fish available. The regulations are rather complex so be sure to check with an outdoors store or a guide when you arrive on your fishing trip.
If you’re looking for an unforgettable experience, you may want to consider a trip to the Skeena River in northern BC. The city of Terrace, located 100 miles inland on the Skeena, offers anglers outdoors stores and guides to help them fish the Skeena River. This river is home to large fish such as resident brook trout and to migrating salmon and Steelhead. Many of these will top 30 pounds with some exceeding 70 pounds. The largest ever caught was a trophy sized chinook salmon just under 100 pounds. Obviously, fishing for these fish will require top quality fishing gear. RST Fishing makes gear to fit every fishing situation in British Columbia.
Parks and Recreation in BCCredit: javrsmith
British Columbia is a vibrant province with many natural wonders, beautiful cities and unspoiled lands to explore. Visitors come to the province from around the world. The people are friendly and the province is generally very safe. The citizens are committed to protecting and improving the environment for the benefit of future generations.
A large number of parks have preserved over 44,000 square miles in various areas across the province. With 7 national parks in the province, (and more are planned for the future), British Columbia has more than any other Canadian jurisdiction. The citizens of the province are aware of the large amount of protected territory in British Columbia. Despite this, many are committed to further increasing protected areas for the benefit of endangered animals and for the perpetual enjoyment of people.
BC Hosted the 2010 Winter Olympics
In 2010, British Columbia hosted the Winter Olympics at Whistler and Vancouver. This sporting event was attended by many people from around the world. The venues used for the games were all ready before the start date of the games. Some were ready years in advance and offered athletes practice opportunities. While winter weather conditions were worse than hoped for at first, snow and cold temperature during the games improved conditions rapidly which allowed all events to be completed.
Visitors to the province can enjoy many of the venues that were used for the games. The torch is located downtown on the waterfront near Canada Place. It is lit periodically for very special events.
Ski mountains near Vancouver, and at Whistler, were the site of the alpine events. Visitors can enjoy winter sports at these locations. The sliding track at Whistler often has exciting events in the winter for spectators and participants.
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Wilderness Adventures AwaitCredit: javrsmith
Much of the province of BC is a vast wilderness. Natural beauty abounds. A visit to the wilds is literally moments away from virtually any place in the province. Even the large cities of Vancouver and Victoria are mere minutes away from unspoiled lands.
The North Shore in Vancouver is completely wild. The local ski mountains, Grouse, Seymour and Cypress Bowl, offer winter sports. They also may be visited in the summer as well. Grouse Mountain offers a scenic tram ride to the top. Hearty visitors may also experience the famous "Grouse Grind". This is a trail that leads up to the peak on a rugged trail. Visitors then proceed down on the tram.
Coastal Marine TrafficCredit: javrsmith
British Columbia is the only Canadian province with Pacific Ocean access. This makes it a very important shipping hub. Canadian products are shipped to worldwide markets. Lumber, agricultural products, and manufactured goods leave the ports of Vancouver, Prince Rupert, and elsewhere on the coast.
BC is also the destination for containers of goods. Ships arrive at ports. There they offload their cargo which is distributed everywhere in North America via transport truck or railway.
The Pacific coastal waters of the province offer a unique shipping opportunity. A series of islands offers extensive protection to vessels that ply the waterway between southern and northern ports. For this reason, marine trade between Alaska, British Columbia, and Washington has been important for well over 100 years.
The province is very rugged and mountainous. Despite this geographic fact, there is a great deal of farming. The southern areas of are significant for cattle, dairy, and vegetable farming. Ranching is very important in the central region of the province, the Cariboo.
The inland Okanagan region is an important wine producing area. Many world class vintages have been created. Some of these have won important awards. In 2014, one BC wine was selected as the best Pinot Noir example in the world. As a result, an increase in attention to wine making has developed.
BC Paleontology and GeologyCredit: javrsmith
(The image above shows an ammonite fossil within a bed of shale, before extraction.)
BC consists largely of young rock formations. Many of these are volcanic, or igneous. Some areas, however, contain sedimentary formations in which fossils can be found. The eastern coast of Vancouver Island, north of Victoria, was once the seafloor in the Cretaceous time.
Over millions of years, the land rose and exposed ancient material that had been compressed from mud into shale. Within this, fossils of marine life can be found. Ammonites, shellfish, and other fossils are commonly found.
The paleontology museum at Courtenay features a large, complete skeleton of an extinct elasmosaur. This creature's fossil is on display. Stretching some 46 feet, or 14 meters, in length, this animal is one of the largest to be found anywhere. 
Central British Columbia, near Cache Creek, contains more modern fossils of land animals. This area, and that near Smithers in the north, are similar to formations that are typically found in Alberta. The geology of British Columbia also provides coal deposits as well as minerals.
The province is located on the Pacific Rim of Fire. Many faults run through, or near, the area. Earthquakes are relatively common. Most of these are quite mild, but the potential for damaging earthquakes is real. The west coast can also be subject to tsunami waves.
One damaging tsunami struck the Vancouver Island town of Port Alberni in 1964. This resulted in flooding and property damage, but no loss of life. The 2011 tsunami spawned in Japan was barely registered.