One of the essentials of petting a chameleon is the setting up and maintaining of a captive environment whereby your pet chameleon will comfortably live. Having the proper chameleon cage should be top of your priorities. This is because chameleons are particularly very delicate creatures and it is always difficult to sustain them for prolonged periods of time.
The fundamental rule in the construction of chameleon cages is to devise the cages in a manner that replicates the animal's natural environment. Some of the factors to consider when constructing or purchase a chameleon's cage include the following:
The Type and Size of the Cage
Chameleon cages could be in the form of terrarium glass that has a screened upper surface, a meshed wire cage or a huge and elevated cage. Terrarium glasses provide the best heat and moisture control and it is ideal for those who reside in areas with dry or cold climatic conditions. If your pet is 1ft. or shorter in length, the minimum size of the cage ought to be 2'x3'x3'. Nonetheless, always go for the largest cages if possible. By doing this, you are encouraging them to move around, be livelier and enjoy their new home.
Positioning and Furnishing of the Cage
Ensure that you strategically place the cage in an area in your home that is free from any continuous contact by humans and pets such as dogs and cats. The area you place the cage should also be free from extreme temperature fluctuations.
When selecting plants to add into the interior of the chameleon's cage, try to ensure that they are not toxic to the chameleon. Some of these plants are usually sprayed with pesticides before being sold to you. Therefore, make sure that you carefully wash and rinse all plants with mild soap and water to remove any intoxicants. A tree known as ficus is one of the most recommended plants to use for the chameleon's new home. It has the proper twigs for crawling and drinking and also grows well indoors. It is also readily obtainable at most plant nurseries.
The interior of the cage will also require an ample source of lighting. Fluorescent UVB bulbs and basking bulbs can be used as they have that added advantage of providing just enough heat for the chameleon. This allows the chameleon (a reptile) to regulate its body temperatures by moving around either far away or close to the heat source as its metabolism necessitates.
Provide a food bowl and a water supply for the chameleon. The food bowl is whereby meal worms and other insects will be placed for the chameleon to feed on. This bowl has to be placed where the chameleon likes to hang around. Use a dripper to release water onto the leaves of the plant in the cage whereby the chameleon can gain access to it.
Finally, you can cover the floor of the cage with newspapers to facilitate easier collection of droppings. Red soil can also be used but should be changed over a period of time to avoid the accumulation of toxins in the cage.