Insomnia can have adverse effects on all aspects of your life. Not enough sleep can cause memory and concentration problem, so you are unable to deal as effectively as you could with responsibilities at home and at work. Insomnia can cause health problems as well. Sustained lack of sleep can, if not treated properly, cause severe enough medical and mental problems that medical help becomes necessary. It is always best to seek help from a medical professional if you think you have a serious problem. But here are some methods to consider for milder cases of insomnia.
Try to break the cycle of insomnia. Many people have trouble sleeping at night, stay up late, and then sleep in or nap during the day. Try stopping the cycle. If you stay up late one night, set your clock for the time you want to get up, even if it leaves you little sleep that night. Don't take any naps, and go to bed at a normal time. You will be tired, but forcing yourself into a regular cycle is sometimes all you need. Keep to a regular sleeping pattern. Go to bed and get up on a regular schedule as much as possible. Try not to stay up later, such as on weekends.
Avoid stimulants, alcohol, and other drugs, especially within a few hours of bedtime. Caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, sleeping aids, these are all good at keeping you from getting restful, natural, regular sleep. Sleeping aids aren't always addictive, but they can become a mental crutch, and may mess up your actual sleeping cycle.
Strive to be healthy. Drinking plenty of water, eating a regular healthy diet, and regular aerobic and strength building exercise (except right before bed) will all have positive benefits and will help combat insomnia.
Lessen your stress levels. Finding proactive ways to deal with stress can help to decrease problems with insomnia. Meditation, acupressure, acupuncture, massage, or even just finding a hobby that relaxes you are good ways in helping to reduce stress. A good overall look at your life, and changing things for the better, such as aiming to become more organized, can help you find ways to reduce stress and anxiety, which are often the root causes of sleeplessness.