In today's ecconomy, having job security is a blessing. Sometimes people are so grateful to have steady income that they may be willing to overlook some things. A manager might feel that their employees should be grateful to have a job and feel that they don't need to do anything to entice them to complete their job requirements. While I agree that most people will do their jobs, simply because that is what they have been hired to do, business managers should at least think about the option of motivation. Sometimes motivating a person to do a job they were already planning on doing can help them do an even better job.
There are many ways for the manager to motivate an employee. Two main ways are intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation is motivation that comes from inside an individual rather than from any external or outside rewards, such as money or grades. Extrinsic motivation is motivation that comes from outside an individual. The motivating factors are external, or outside, rewards such as money or grades. These rewards provide satisfaction and pleasure that the task itself may not provide
Most managers use a combination of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation although employees might react better if managers used more extrinsic motivation than intrinsic. If you have ever worked in retail or customer service, you might have experienced employee of the month or perhaps received a bonus from working on commission. Money is always going to be a huge motivator when you are in a job. An employee thinks, if I want more money so I have to do well at work so I can receive a large bonus at the end of the quarter.
Parents can be considered managers to their children. All parents want their children to do well in school but some choose to motivate their children by extrinsic means. They tell their children if they get good grades they will receive money or a video game. Perhaps that is why when we become adults, we want to receive a reward when we do well at work.
As stated above, some managers also use intrinsic motivation as well. Some employees respond well to completing a job on time and that is what they use as their main motivator. This doesn't mean that an employee won't seek out a reward for doing well at their job. It just means that their paycheck isn't the main motivator for them.
If managers didn't bother to motivate their employees, intrinsically or extrinsically, there is a possibility that the company would really suffer. If the managers don't really care how the employees perform, then why should the employees? That is why it is so important for managers to try their best to motivate their employees, no matter what way they prefer to do it. The motivation will ensure that the company runs smoothly and that the employees will perform to the best of their abilities.