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Candidiasis: An Overview

By Edited Mar 8, 2016 0 0

The Candida fungus is a part of a normal flora but at times it can become an invasive pathogen. Most people carry Candida without having any problem but it in some cases the balance is disturbed and the excess of Candida causes infection. The range of infections that causes Candida species to expand comes at many levels. This can start by a simple local infection of the mucus membrane to a disseminated disease that spreads throughout the body. Severe diseases are usually found in people who have problems with their immune systems. For example:

  • Patients with AIDS

  • Cancer patients

  • Diabetic patients

  • Those patients who are taking immune-suppressant medication

Symptoms of Candida infection

Candida is a nuisance that happens to a large number of people. The biggest problem with the diagnosis of Candida is that they are too many and very vague. After many tests a doctor would be certain that the problem is Candia. One of the popular symptoms of the Candida infection is called the Thrush. This is the problem that lies in the mouth that shows white creamy patches on the glands. This is at times found in the babies and also sometimes with people who use steroids and other drugs for asthma treatment.

Vaginitis is another symptom that is a common problem among women. About 75% of women face this problem at some point in time of their life. This is particularly common after taking an anti-biotic treatment.

Simple infections on the skin such as the folliculitis or diaper rashes in babies are also a symptom of Candida. Invasive candidiasis is a severe infection that can infect almost any organ system. These organs can be your lungs, mouth or the gastro-intestinal tract.

How do we do the diagnosis of Candidiasis?

Usually what one should look for are rashes or a kind of infection in genitals or in the mouth. These are most common places of infection that starts when there is candidiasis. Then in addition there are standard laboratory tests that are made to confirm the presence of Candida infection. One of these tests also includes blood tests and urine sample tests.

Treatment for Candidiasis

Candida is not a big problem that would require hospitalization. There are some prescription medicines that can quickly help the patient to recover from the infection. However, if one wants to make a very safe and side-effect free treatment then it is a good idea to have a home remedy treatment or herbal treatment. This involves a change in diet plan which is usually gluten free or sugar free diet plan.

In case of taking creams and medications, there are some certain topical creams that act as antifungal agents. They are most commonly used for such patients as that alone do a good job as required. In some cases an oral treatment may also be needed. It is usually effective in restoring the balance. One should not expect that he or she has gained an immunity against the condition because it can still happen again. In severe cases, there is a need for hospitalization or intensive care.  

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