The Marvel of Cervical Spine Anatomy

Anatomy Cervical Spine(88280)Credit:

If you are looking for information about cervical spine anatomy, then you have come to the right place. This article would give you brief and concise information of the cervical spine. Because of the crucial role and function of the cervical spine, it is only natural that we should take a look at this magnificent body structure.

Overview of the Cervical Spine Anatomy

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The cervical spine anatomy is a part of the whole spinal vertebrae. There are major three divisions of the spinal vertebrae which are the cervical, thoracic, and the lumbar region. Each division has different number of vertebrae. The cervical region has 7 vertebrae, the thoracic has 12 vertebrae, and the lumbar has 5 vertebrae. The cervical vertebrae are the smallest compared to other spinal bones.

Different Cervical Vertebrae and their Significance

The cervical vertebrae are numbered from 1 to 7 with 1 as the closest vertebra to the skull.

  • C3-C6  - Anatomy of the Cervical SpineCredit: – these vertebrae are comparably small and are wider from side to side rather than from front to back. It has flat anterior and posterior surfaces. The upper and the lower surfaces are concaved. The vertebrae foramen of these vertebrae is triangular in shape. The vertebral artery and vein run through these bones, together with the plexus of sympathetic nerves.
  • C1, C2, and C7 - Cervical Spine AnatomyCredit:, C2, and C7 – the C1 is also known as the atlas. It is obviously as the most proximal bone to the skull. It has no distinct body because it is fused with the next vertebra. The C2 or axis forms a pivot with C1. It has the popular landmark known as the odontoid process. The C7 or vertebra prominens has a very unique characteristic which is the existence of the spinous process.

Movement of the Cervical Spine Anatomy

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The movement of the cervical spine is brought about by the help of different muscle groups, joints, ligaments, tendons, and other various structures. When you flex or extend your neck, the joint involve is the atlanto-occipital joint. The rotation and shaking of the head almost happen in the atlanto-axial joint.

Other Structures Connected with the Cervical Spine

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Of course, it is obvious that the cervical spine anatomy could not stand alone amidst its wonderful structure and capability. It needs the assistance of other anatomical structure. One example of this is the intervertebral discs which are located at the junction between two vertebrae. The disc is made-up of very strong fibrous tissue with a soft gel-like center.  This serves as a shock absorber. The nerves and the spinal cord are also closely related with the cervical spine.

Summary of the Anatomy of the Cervical Spine

The cervical spine itself is a wonderful structure especially when you taken into consideration the whole spinal column. The cervical spine anatomy is a very special and yet delicate group of bones that should be protected from injuries. Each cervical vertebra has their distinctive features and functions.

These are some of the things that you should know about the cervical spine. It is always good to have basic knowledge about the cervical spine anatomy.