China is having a new President
In a few days’ time, March 2013, we will witness the appointment of China’s new President. His name is Xi Jinping. China has been very careful and stringent when choosing political incumbents is concerned. It followed a time-tested procedure where top political executives are groomed many years before they actually take office. The emphasis on smooth continuity of leadership takes priority. This as the saying goes will ensure that no one rocks the boat. It is more of team work, rather than on individual power. Important national decisions are decided by consensus rather than by individuals.
According to the Chinese Constitution, the President must be a Chinese citizen of at least 45 years old. The President is elected by the National People’s Congress, the top law-making body of China. The tenure is for 5 years, with a maximum of 2 successive terms totalling 10 years. By the way China has a Premier who is equivalent to a Prime Minister, who is in charge of the affairs of the state. The President formulates general policies and directions of the state, while the Premier takes charge of its implementation. The President is also the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
China's New President, Xi Jinping
Who is Xi Jinping
Xi Jinping (ä¹ è¿‘å¹³ ) was born in Beijing, on 15 June, 1953. He is the second son of a communist veteran which put him in good stead from the start. However it was not without problems. His father though was one of the founders of the communist guerrilla movement in Shaanxi, was jailed in 1968 during the Cultural Revolution. His father, Xi Zhongxun, later became a Vice-Premier of China. Xi Jinping’s early party career started in Fujian province, and gradually rose to be who he is today. Xi Jinping joined the Communist Party of China in 1974. In 2000, he became the Governor of Fujian province. In 2002, he was given senior government and party posts in the economically affluent coastal province of Zhejiang. Following his promotion as Party Chief of Shanghai, he was appointed as a member of the top government decision machinery, the Politburo Standing Committee in October 2007. Xi Jinping was subsequently elected to the post of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China on 15 November, 2012. This paved the way for his final ascent to be China’s next President. Xi Jinping will be the fifth generation of China’s top leaders.
By the way it is interesting to note that Xi was the person in charge of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. He has been the Party’s leading figure in both Hong Kong and Macau affairs. He is also the new president of the Central Party School, the ideological and training school of the Communist Party of China.
Xi Jinping first married in the early1980s to the daughter of the Chinese Ambassador to Britain, but ended in divorce a few years later. Xi remarried in 1987, this time to the famous and popular singer by the name of Peng Liyuan. In fact Xi’s wife is more famous than him. There was a joke that when Xi was appointed member of the Politburo Standing Committee, the question was “Who is Xi Jinping?” and the answer was “He is the husband of Peng Liyuan.” They have a daughter, Xi Mingze who is currently studying at Harvard.
Xi has a degree in chemical engineering and a doctorate in political science from the most prestigious Tsinghua University in Beijing. He has been described as a pragmatic, cautious, and a low-keyed person, and having skills in solving problems. Xi has travelled extensively overseas and has met with many top politicians of the world.
With his glamorous wife, Xi Jinping will certainly stand out in the world.