Substitute teachers have the toughest job in any school. They can be called upon at 10 minutes notice, they tend to be given the worst classes, they do not know the school’s discipline and management systems and the students have had too many bad experiences with poor substitute teachers in the past.
Classroom Management – 101
Teachers on a permanent or temporary contract have the same classes every week. The students know that their teacher knows the ropes. They will still push the boundaries of acceptable behaviour, but usually not for the first two lessons. These teachers have a ‘grace period’ of two lessons to establish their authority in the classroom.
As a substitute teacher you have no ‘grace period’. You have to establish yourself in the classroom in 3 seconds flat. The class know they are unlikely to ever see you again, that you are unfamiliar with the school and that you are unsure of yourself in their classroom. You are an unwelcome intruder in their familiar space.
Therefore, you go in and you DOMINATE that classroom. You expect perfect behaviour. Everything about your posture, where you stand and the way you move and speak must proclaim that YOU are the person in charge of this classroom.
How do you dominate 35 sixteen year old students who have already seen off six previous substitute teachers before you and have plans to see you off the premises today?
You use the most assertive body language imaginable. Assertive is not the same as aggressive. Your assertive body language will subdue any troublemakers. Aggressive body language would increase the students’ own aggression levels and could end in someone being injured.
Classroom Management Tips – 102 (Learn the Moves)
Ideally any substitute or supply teacher should be in the classroom before the students. A successful substitute teacher will stand at the front of the room as the students enter and make sure the students see you are watching them. Do not read your notes or anything else in this absolutely crucial meeting phase.
Actively WATCH the students. Eyeball each one. Make sure that each student gives you eye contact back and that they break the eye contact first. This is establishing that you are not frightened, that you are the dominant person in the room. Most students will never have encountered this from any previous temporary teacher. You are already disassociating yourself from their previous, poorly prepared, substitute teachers and are establishing your credentials as a TEACHER and that you are there to TEACH, rather than just to maintain a poor semblance of order.
Do not move, at all. By your stillness you are again establishing dominance over the group. They will become unsettled after a few seconds.
Keep Your Hands Visible
Stand with your hands by your sides. This takes practise not to feel uncomfortable, so PRACTISE it until it becomes a natural body posture for you. This is another dominance cue to the students.
Keep Your Thumbs Visible
This one really does take practise. It has to come across as a natural posture to the class. Again, practise this on your own until it becomes your natural way of standing.
This is a massively powerful dominance posture. It is used by politicians, generals and anyone who has to dominate a large group. Make primitive and powerful body language, non-verbal communication, signals work for you as a substitute teacher.
Your survival as a teacher depends on dominating that classroom, so use every weapon you can to do that. If you fail to dominate the group, rest assured that one of the students will and that will make your life impossible. That is how the students have driven off the six substitute teachers before you.
Strategies for Substitute Teachers -103 (Talk the Talk)
You now have the class of students silent and have established yourself as dominant and different from any substitute teacher they have ever met.
You can now get on with the job of teaching. The classroom domination body language is a necessary precursor to successful teaching.
You can still blow it. You must be well prepared, well as prepared as it is possible for a substitute teacher to be, with class changes at almost no notice and teaching a subject you last thought about when you were sixteen years old yourself.
Keep on top of the dominant body language throughout the lesson. Add a smile as well, now that you have established who’s in charge. Smiling is another confidence signal to your students, and the instinct is for them to smile back. If they are smiling they will automatically be looking on you in a more positive light.
Move around the room, but slowly, still keeping your hands visible. Rapid movement around the room causes stress and agitation in any group, so slow and steady does the trick.
Avoid excessive hand movements if you are talking to the class. Slow hand movements are another signal of your confidence.
Talk slightly more slowly than usual. Rushing your speech is a well-recognized sign of nervousness. Better to talk more slowly than and appear confident. If you are nervous, talking slightly more slowly will disguise it, and disguise it you MUST. Slower speech also helps the students to become used to your voice, your accent and reduces problems caused by echoes in the classroom.
Strategies for Substitute Teachers -104 (Walk the Walk)
The end of the lesson is approaching. Your first lesson as a substitute teacher with this group of students is nearly over. Finishing the lesson on your terms is nearly as important as starting it was.
You want to get out of there, the students want out, but remain patient. Think about your body language all the time. As a substitute teacher you are always vulnerable and can never let down your guard.
Dismiss the class in an orderly manner. Stand by the door and make eye contact with each student. You are reminding them, in case you see them again, that you are not any ordinary substitute teacher, but a teacher who has dominated the group and the classroom from start to finish.
Move on to your next class and start all over again.