Three decades ago, scientists raised the climate change alarm, warning that the world should change their consumption patterns, the intricate feedback's between land, water and the climate would have significant impacts on the ecosystem and livelihoods, particularly in the dry lands. At the ecosystem level, heavy precipitation events would lead to soil erosion.
Droughts would be frequent, intensive and extensive, and the exposed soil would become infertile. Land degradation would follow, and then decreased land productivity. All these we have witnessed, most recently in Australia, Sudan, and china, India, Pakistan, Russia and the United States. Whether these are due to climate change may be debatable, but two things are certain. First, these developments occurred during and following the warmest decade on record and when the Earth had grown warmer over five decades.”
it is not only the poor people in the world that are affected, the rich are also affected.
“Both the rich and poor have suffered, and in many places, food insecurity, the loss of homes, livelihoods and habitats have forced rural-to-urban migration. These impacts have hit the poorest populations, nations and regions hardest, entrenching them further into poverty and exposing many to increased political instability. Theirs is the smallest carbon footprint, but they are paying a particularly high price for it.”
is a thought- provoking idea for the nearly 6 billion people's living in the dry lands. For a majority, it means an enduring struggle to combat land degradation, commonly known as desertification. And what in the past also entailed overcoming the impacts of drought from time-to-time is now becoming a recurrent challenge not only in frequency, but in scope and intensity as well.
In order to combat desertification and mitigating the effects of drought, the UN Convention to Combat Desertification, it has focused on strengthening national capacities for early warning in the developing countries, and at the sub-regional and regional levels. Two of the major lessons gained are that, first, a failure to address drought in the development planning process hampers the effective response to its impacts.
Sustainable development is a collective pursuit, and the most vulnerable among us, remains one of our weakest links to its attainment. And while urgent action is vital, the resources are limited, making the challenge enormous. Collaboration over the years with the World Meteorological Organization has greatly strengthened the scientific basis of work. It has enabled the world to close some of the obstacles to rapid information flow. Still, a lot remains to be done, and is achievable, if each of us steps up to do whatever we can to improve the lives of the weakest among us