When cancer cells form in the tissues of the colon, colon cancer is diagnosed. The colon cancer treatment that is used will depend on the extent of the illness and how far it has progressed. Early detection is the key to successfully fighting colon cancer. The digestive system is made up of many different parts working in combination to process food and extract the nutrients from our food. The colon is a part of this system.

Who Gets Colon Cancer

There are a number of factors that put a person at an increased risk of developing colon cancer. If there is a family history of the disease, you are age fifty or older and have had a previous history of colon cancer your risk is increased. It does not necessarily mean that you will develop colon cancer, but your risks are higher. Over ninety percent of the people that are diagnosed with growth are over the age of forty. The disease can come at any age, however.

Colon Cancer Treatment

Removal of the polyps is generally the way that the colon is treated. If there are cancerous polyps it is necessary that they be removed. It is sometimes necessary to remove the anus and rectum if the polyps are discovered close to the anal opening. Surgery is also necessary if the cancer is located high up in the colon. It is possible that the bowel is reconnected to allow for normal functioning after the surgery.

When the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, other types of treatment will also be included. Radiation and chemotherapy to eliminate the spreading cancer cells will be used. The treatments that are used will depend on a few factors. The factors that are used to determine the treatment are:

• General health of the patient
• Stage of the cancer
• Whether the cancer is a reoccurrence

Symptoms Of Colon Cancer

If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms you should see your doctor. These symptoms can be caused by other problems so a doctor must be consulted. Call your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms.

• Blood in the stool. It can be either dark or bright red
• Unexplained weight loss
• Changes in the bowel habits
• Frequent pain from gas, bloating or cramping
• Unexplained fatigue
• Feeling as though the bowel does not completely empty
The doctor will perform tests to determine if colon cancer is present. Pay attention to your body and any changes that you notice. There are many advancements in colon cancer treatment and early detection will increase the chances that treatment is successful.