Composting is process of organic material decomposing this is done with or without the help of people. Many things can and should be included in a compost bin but certain things should be avoided. Meat, dairy, and oils should be avoided when composting at home.
The organic materials that are used to make compost are separated into two main sections. These are called greens and browns. A mixture that has approximate equal portions of greens and browns will get quite hot and finish quickly.
Compost Greens include plants, fruits and vegetable scraps, and coffee grounds. Compost Browns include paper products, mulch, and dried leaves.
When composting the ingredients should be damp but not wet. If the compost bin is open it might require occasional watering but a closed system retains most of the moisture present in the items that are placed into it.
How large and complex a composting system that a household will need is determined by how much refuse is produced by the family. A small family that lives on a small city lot can get by with a much smaller system than a large family that has several acres.
Compost piles are the simplest method of composting. Simply create a loose pile of kitchen and yard waste, mix it occasionally, and reap the rewards in a month or so.
Choosing to buy a compost bin or to build a compost bin is rather personal decision. If finances are tight or if a person has easy access to some building materials than making a compost bin by hand is a nice weekend project. Compost bins are not hard to build and can be customized to the needs of a particular family with ease.
When buying a compost bin a person will need to determine with of the huge quantity of available pre-made composting systems available would work the best.
Types of composters include single enclosed containers, tumbling composting containers, worm composting, and kitchen or patio composting systems. The standard 3 section compost bins work great if the garden is somewhat large but they can be too large for small gardens or urban gardens.
There are many benefits of composting and it is something that all gardeners should at least consider before investing a ton of money into soil amendments. Using compost to improve garden soil or top dressing a lawn will save on fertilizer and watering. Composting helps to reduce the waste which a person produces by recycling the waste and turning it into compost.