Construction is the process of creating or assembling buildings and infrastructure projects. Most construction projects can be lengthy and time sensitive during the assembling process. Construction companies may often employ several teams to manage the construction process. Countries with a large need for infrastructure usually rely on the private industry's construction companies to complete these projects. Projects may be broken down into several different processes that must be completed in lock-step order to achieve the best construction results.
Construction is usually broken down into three separate types: building, heavy or civil and industrial construction. Building construction is usually the process of constructing private homes and residential areas. These projects may be completed quickly since construction companies create a few models the build repeatedly for residential owners. Heavy or civil construction is the process of creating public or infrastructure projects. These projects are usually awarded through a bid style process. Industrial construction is the building of commercial projects for private businesses.
A few basic steps must be completed before the actual construction process may begin. These processes include architecture or engineering building plans, financial planning and filing necessary legal documents. Each process is completed before a construction company engages in the bidding process for new projects. Construction companies may spend more time during these processes since it is vital that all planning and legal work is done before actual construction begins. Failing to manage these processes properly may result in major financial losses for the company.
Construction process management is usually separated into the specific construction projects at the jobsite. Construction projects usually employ a general contractor to oversee the entire building process. The general contractor may then use subcontractors to complete different phases of the project. Common subcontractor duties include plumbing, electrical, finishing construction and final painting. General contractors typically use construction schedules to manage each subcontractor and the time frame for completing projects.
Construction process management helps companies take complex projects and complete them in individual steps. Construction process management also ensures companies get paid on time since building projects must be completed by specific time lines to earn payment. Construction companies may be offered bonuses if they complete projects sooner than originally planned. Problems such as material shortages or insufficient labor may also be avoided through construction management. Companies can use process management to anticipate possible shortages during the construction project.
Construction companies may need to consult local or state building authorities or regulators to ensure their projects meet current guidelines. Regulators can review the designs and engineering plans of construction projects and make suggestions on improvements or changes to meet current building codes.
Construction companies may also consult professional organization regarding construction projects. These professional agencies can offer advice on new building techniques or management styles to improve the constructions process.